Компактные SPICE-модели элементов КМОП и БиКМОП СБИС, работающих в экстремальных условиях
The paper presents a library of radiation and electrothermal BJT and MOSFET VLSI SPICE models. The library contains models for MOSFET, SOI/SOS MOSFET, Si BJT, SeGe HBT taking into account self-heating, high (up to +300°C) and low (up to –200°C) temperatures, the influence of radiation (neutrons, electrons, γ- and X-ray, protons, pulsed radiation, single particles).
The possibilities of commercial SPICE are expanded in the new field—space environment electronics design. For this purpose, the set of BJT and MOSFET models with account for radiation influence is included into commercial SPICE device library. The characteristics of devices and circuits subjected to space radiation exposure (gamma-rays, protons, neutrons, electrons, heavy ions) are presented and examined with emphasis on application for radiation hardened electronics systems.
Negative pressure also means negative energy and, therefore, “holes”, antiparticles. Continuation across infinity to negative energies is accomplished by using a parastatistical correction to the Bose-Einstein distribution.
The monograph presents results by professor Dr. A. Shalumov’s Research School of Modeling, Information Technology and Automated Systems (Russia). The program, ASONIKA, developed by the school is reviewed here regarding reliability and quality of devices for simulation of electronics and chips during harmonic and random vibration, single and multiple impacts, linear acceleration and acoustic noise, and steady-state and transient thermal effects. Calculations are done for thermal stress during changes in temperature and power in time. Calculations are done for number of cycles to fatigue failure under mechanical loads as well as under cyclic thermal effects. Simulation results for reliability analysis are taken into account. Models, software interface, and simulation examples are presented.
For engineers and scientists involved in design automation of electronics.
Pressure sensors on the basis of thin-film tenzorezistorny nano – and microelectromechanical systems with the frequency output signal, steady to influence of temperatures are considered. Original schemes of frequency converters and topology of an arrangement of tenzoelement on a membrane of a sensitive element of the sensor are submitted.
The effects of neutron irradiation on both Si bipolar junction transistor (BJT) and SiGe heterojunction transistor (HBT) are investigated using Synopsys TCAD tool. The carrier lifetime degradation under irradiation models are included in the program. For SiGe HBT at fluences as high as 10**15 cm-2 the degradation of peak current gain is less than 40%, and the device maintains a peak current gain of 80 100 after 10**15 cm-2. The simulation results are in good agreement with experimental data.
Generalized error-locating codes are discussed. An algorithm for calculation of the upper bound of the probability of erroneous decoding for known code parameters and the input error probability is given. Based on this algorithm, an algorithm for selection of the code parameters for a specified design and input and output error probabilities is constructed. The lower bound of the probability of erroneous decoding is given. Examples of the dependence of the probability of erroneous decoding on the input error probability are given and the behavior of the obtained curves is explained.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.