Летние студенческие практики: опыт городских исследований
This article systematizes the experience of the summer field practice completed by students of the Department of socio-economic geography of foreign countries of the Geography Faculty of the Moscow State University. Urban studies are the focus of this article, in particular the study of Manhattan neighbourhoods, which have been researched by students annually since 2013. The article is divided into two parts: methodological and empirical. In the former some methods of urban data collecting and analysis are being revealed, while in the latter authors describe some of the results of Manhattan neighbourhood observations collected over the past four years.
Scientists and politicians are absolutely sure that we require a professional approach to solving such problems as generation and diffusion of innovations; that is why many universities nowadays offer new degree programs in this field. The author explains why companies need innovation managers. Also, he propones a method for conducting express assessment of company’s innovation activity which will allow to assess its organization and to define functions and tasks of innovation staff. Some recommendations on innovation staff training are given.
The book describes field research (archaeological anthropological, etc.) conducted in different years with financial support of the Russian Humanitairan Foundation.
The article constitutes a part of author’s studies on regions and mental geography of the Russian empire. The military actions within own territory normally produce a dramatic and long impact on the spatial imaginations. The Crimean war with its center in newly incorporated New Russia has helped to include this region to the mental maps as the Russian space. The article shows the new symbolic geography formation. It also analyses the efforts of propaganda aimed at maintaining the imperial durability. A special attention is paid to the state militia. The citizen soldiers – nobles and law classes representatives – had the unique opportunity to visit a number of regions. For the inhabitants of Central Russia the border with Little Russia was essential. The perception of Jews has demonstrated xenophobia long before pogroms. Although the authorities had enough reasons to be afraid of separatism, the final conclusion was that the imperial construction is rather healthy. As a result of such a conclusion an elaboration of this construction hasn’t become a part of common program of reforms in Russia. The author used unpublished documents, in particular those preserved in Kiev. The article is a part of the most significant recent international project on the Crimean war. The English translation of the article is published in USA.
Paper analyzes the internal and external connection of passenger transport systems in the Eastern regions of Russia. Key regions with medium and low levels of development are Krasnoyarsk krai, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), and Magadan oblast. These regions differ from each other by the situation in the State Transport System and are characterized by significant intra-regional differences in the level and nature of transport connection. Analysis of transport connection and isolation is based on the author’s methodology. The proposed approach includes not only analysis of statistics, frequency, time costs and tariffs for all types of passenger transport in the regions, but also qualitative sociological methods – in-depth interviews with passengers and employees of transport terminals. The differences in accessibility of the main settlements of the regions are determined. Low regularity of communication, absence of alternatives along many routes, episodic and insufficient reliability of transport due to seasonality, and important role of shadow forms of transport services were revealed in public transport systems of studied regions.
Limiting factors of transport development in Siberia and the Far East are the different natural zonal and azonal factors, as well as particularity of economic and social development of these territories. The quality of transport communication between Siberia and the Far East and the rest of the country, as well as within the region in the 1990s is sharply deteriorated. Transport tariffs increased, while the intensity of air traffic decreased and a number of areas were cut off from the national system of land communication. Therefore, the study of current transport situation in the regions of Siberia and the Far East, particularly remote or isolated from the main territory of the country is important. The combination of permanent climatic and changing socio-economic factors excludes the universalism in implementation of the transport strategy of a particular territory. This study is granted by Russian Geographical Society and Russian Foundation for Basic Research №24/2018/RGO-RFFI, leader S.А. Tarkhov). Database of the intensity and nature of transportation in the 2 regions-keys – Krasnoyarsk and Sakha (Yakutia) Republic – was compiled. Its analysis conducts the macro-zoning of the level of transport connectivity, to identify isolated local and regional transport systems, and to distinguish their main types.
The object of tourism geography are territorial systems of tourism, its subject is analysis of their spatial structures. Chief elements of a tourism territorial system are tourist attractions, centers, nodes, regions; resorts (Kurort), spas, and their agglomerations; tourist flows; nodes of tourist facilities. In the paper, the main concepts of tourism geography are defined. The author demonstrates the principal gap in tourism geography, which is insufficient use of spatial approach in the location analysis of tourist attractions, centers, routes, flows and infrastructure. Their spatial distribution by area, spatial hierarchy, and spatial interaction between different types of tourism in the area are poorly studied. The basic directions of spatial-geographical analysis of tourism must include typology of regions and areas by the level of tourism development, tourist specialization of regions and countries, tourist regionalization and zoning of areas, tourist re-development of areas, and spatial structure of tourism in different areas, regions and countries.
Within a brief historical period, BRICS as an inter-State association has become an influential player in the world economy and politics. BRICS is a primarily political entity, and in that regard, the BRICS grouping correlates with the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). However, not all the expectations placed on the SCO by the founding countries at the time of its creation in 2001 have been met so far. The question is to what extent expectations may be fulfilled in case of BRICS.