Дизайн сетевой структуры цепей поставок
The article looks at the main aspects of supply chain strategic planning in the context of designing, reengineering and optimization of its network structure. The article reveals actuality of supply chain configuration and redesign, and its influence on economic results of the chain agents. It is shown that nowadays network design is based on a fairly well tested technology, methods and IT-support that were put to test in real practice of leading companies. The key issues subject to solving during design process are considered; recommendations on efficiency assessment in volatile market environment are given. The article provides examples of strategic demands differentiation, benchmarks and reference models when determining parameters of basic supply chain configuration and redesign. The article structures the sequence of planning and design stages of an optimal supply chain network structure based on strategic focus, prognosticated trends in supply chain management, implementation control, adequate organizational changes in a focus company and SCM structure; integrated information support.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management