Казанская полиция в период становления Министерства внутренних дел в первой половине XIX века
The article discusses the principal stages of establishment of the Ministry of Internal Affairs
(MIA), reforming of Russia police of in the first half of the XIX century when the basic ways of area of
activity of police authorities in provinces were determined. The goal of the research is reconstruction of
the development and the state of the staff assistance of police of Kazan province basing on the analysis of
regulatory and archival clerical documents in the first half of the XIX century.
This article deals with the law enforcement activities of state power structures, aimed at ensuring law and order in the Smolensk province in the period 1914-1915. At the same time, there is an analysis of the new powers of the police and the gendarme provincial administration, dictated by the realities of wartime and the specifics of the Smolensk province as a front-line region. The fight against anti-war propaganda and revolutionary manifestations is considered as a separate issue.
The First World War gave the local government front and rear provinces new tasks of supplying the front and ensuring law and order and state security in the rear of the active army. The situation was complicated by the large migration of the population and the growing crisis in the economic, social and spiritual life of society. In this vein, the study of the activities of the police and gendarmerie and the interaction of these state structures in resolving questions arising from wartime is of great research interest.
The prospects of various interdisciplinary researches, the problem of the unity of scientific knowledge, the possibility of translating methods from one discipline to another, the impact of digitalization on various fields of scientific knowledge, the acceptability of general approaches to science management, in particular, to the evaluation of scientific productivity are debated in the discussion on the limits of methodological convergence of natural-scientific and social-humanitarian knowledge. The debaters Н.N. Knyazeva, G.L. Tulchinsky, V.G. Kuznetsov and N.M. Smirnova comment on each other’s positions, point out the strengths and weaknesses in proponents’ justification, agree on a number of issues, and indicate the main theses and arguments for each position, groping for prospects for further development of the discussed issues.
Within a brief historical period, BRICS as an inter-State association has become an influential player in the world economy and politics. BRICS is a primarily political entity, and in that regard, the BRICS grouping correlates with the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). However, not all the expectations placed on the SCO by the founding countries at the time of its creation in 2001 have been met so far. The question is to what extent expectations may be fulfilled in case of BRICS.
The article identifies the effect of personalization of politics: its definition is given, the determinants and possible consequences are considered. That effect is illustrated by some features in the Asian and European style of modern political leadership.