The relationship of temperament traits with behavior and emotional problems in adolescents: evidence from a Russian sample
Research suggests a positive relationship between youth temperament traits and behavior problems. We studied the relationship between temperament and behavior and emotional problems on a Russian-speaking sample (n=203, age 15–17). We used the Russian versions of Rothbarts ATQ (Adult Temperament Questionnaire) and Achenbach's YSR (Youth Self Report) to assess temperament and behavioral problems respectively. The Fear and Discomfort temperament dimension correlated positively with internalizing problems. Sadness was linked to all behavior problems except delinquent behavior. It was still related with the overall externalizing dimension although through aggressive behavior problems only. Frustration correlated positively with all problem scales. Positive affect was negatively related to the Withdrawn scale and positively related to Agression. We show that high emotionality is related to behavior problems in the Russian sample. Overall our results conform to international research, although we found a few peculiarities in the Russian sample.