Social network analysis as a field of invasions: bibliographic approach to study SNA development
In this paper, the results of a study on the development of social network analysis (SNA) and its evolution over time, using the analysis of bibliographic networks are presented. The dataset consists of articles from the Web of Science Clarivate Analytics database obtained by searching for the keyword “social network*” and those published in the main journals in the field (in total 70,000+ publications). From the data, we constructed several networks. In this paper, the focus is on the analysis of the citation network. Analyzing the obtained network, we evaluated the SNA field’s growth and identified the most cited works. Using the normalized Search path count weights, we extracted the main path, key-route paths, and link islands in the citation network. Based on the probabilistic flow node values, we also identified the most important articles. Our results show that the number of published papers almost doubles each 3 years. We confirmed the finding that the authors from the social sciences, who were most active through the whole history of the field development, experienced the “invasion” of physicists from the 2000s. However, starting from the 2010s, a new very active group of animal social network analysts took the leading position.
Purpose – The current paper aims to investigate whether the structure of international migration system and its country-to-country distribution have remained stable through the recent turbulent changes in the World System, or experienced any visible alteration. We also seek to outline some of the main factors which likely exerted the most influence upon any recent changes in the structure of international migration network.
Design/methodology/approach – The methodology we use largely belongs to the social network analysis framework – but with some noteworthy limitations stipulated by the specifics of our data.
Findings – Centrality analysis sheds light on some key features of the international migration network. First, the list of the most central nodes demonstrates remarkable stability over time, with the United States consistently occupying the first place, and Russia and Germany stably entering the top-5 (or even top-3 ever since 1990). A number of EU countries and Australia are also set in their positions of highly central nodes. Centrality analysis also clearly demonstrates the emergence (in the 1970s) and development of the Gulf countries (particularly Saudi Arabia and UAE) as major migration destinations.
Research limitations/implications – The results of our analysis present a mixture of evidence to support both the principles of neoclassical migration theory developed in two seminal papers by Todaro (1969) and Harris and Todaro (1970), and some of its critiques, as the migration patterns are strongly influenced by historical links (such as colonial ties), geographical distance, cultural distance, etc. Defining the scope of influence of each of these factors lies far beyond the scale of this paper. However, further application of social network analysis to studying the global migration network, in our opinion, has quite remarkable potential for contributing to this line of research.
Originality/value – This paper’s originality/value lies in drawing attention to the specific features in the structure of the global migration network and their implications for the World-System studies.
The sixth SNA-KDD workshop (www.snakdd.com) is proposed as the sixth in a successful series of workshops on social network mining and analysis co-held with KDD, soliciting experimental and theoretical work on social network mining and analysis in both online and offline social network systems.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Machine Learning and Data Mining in Pattern Recognition, MLDM 2014, held in St. Petersburg, Russia in July 2014. The 40 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 128 submissions. The topics range from theoretical topics for classification, clustering, association rule and pattern mining to specific data mining methods for the different multimedia data types such as image mining, text mining, video mining and Web mining.
This article is an expanded version of the report submitted by the author on V scientific and practical conference dedicated to the memory of the first Dean of the Faculty of Sociology HSE Alexander O. Kryshtanovskiy "Sociological research methods in modern practice". The article is based on a study of the quantative data obtained in the course of one of the stages of the study "New social movements of youth" by Center of Youth Studies HSE - SaintPetersburg. At this stage, youth community mapping was conducted and analysis of the data using SNA tools was organised. The issue of this work is related to the specific application of network theory and network analysis methods in the process of discovering relations between various informal organisations on the example of youth communities.
The core problem considered in the article is dedicated to the revealing of project system elements, where the network modeling can be adopted to management. Using of Web of Science and ProQuest databases provided with the opportunity of publication activity statistics research and with the definite articles and other types of publications’ analysis for the search of basic directions of network theory adoption for project management. The identification of the most demanded and actual directions of network approach and social network analysis application to management of project system elements was fulfilled.
Why researchers that use statistics always propose hypothesis about associations between variables and try to prove cause-effect relations between them? And, vice versa, why political linguist tend to use discourse analysis to disclose cognitive manipulation by power-holders through the imposition of certain beliefs, which define the social behavior?
In this paper we propose the mapping of existed methods in social sciences, of methodological approaches which stand behind these methods and allow formulating research question, and of philosophical foundations or ontologies which explain what social reality is. Social research is driven not only by chosen methods, but also by approaches and ontology shared by researcher.
The CCIS series is devoted to the publication of proceedings of computer science conferences. Its aim is to efficiently disseminate original research results in informatics in printed and electronic form. While the focus is on publication of peer-reviewed full papers presenting mature work, inclusion of reviewed short papers reporting on work in progress is welcome, too. Besides globally relevant meetings with internationally representative program committees guaranteeing a strict peer-reviewing and paper selection process, conferences run by societies or of high regional or national relevance are also considered for publication.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.