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Article

Проблема вынужденной миграции: взгляд из Пекина

Although China still poses itself as a developing country, its unprecedented economic growth, relative stability and security have made it an attractive destination for refugees both from bordering countries, the majority of which are economically underdeveloped, politically unstable and ethnically complicated, and distant countries in the Middle East and Africa. Moreover, the rise of China has resulted in international pressure on Beijing to take more responsibility in international cooperation in refugee protection. In order to understand how China responds to these new challenges, this paper asks the following questions: What is the legal and institutional framework of China’s refugee policy? Are there contradictions within China's domestic law and international refugee protection regime commitments? The introductory part of the article outlines the main features of the international refugee protection regime. In the main part, the author analyzes legislation governing China’s policy towards refugees and institutions involved in this process, as well as China’s policy towards refugees from different states and international migration crisis. The author demonstrates that China violates norms of the international refugee protection regime and reacts to external pressure by constructing alternative discourse about definition of refugee, refugee crises around the world and China’s role in them as a rising power. Nevertheless, China’s involvement in international cooperation on refugee protection is increasing.