The article researches the trends of international capital movement in general and in the leading economies in the current decade. Besides advanced economies, the article considers BRICS, CIS and EEU states as well as offshores. It is argued that while the capital flows (likewise international trade, labor migration and knowledge exchange) are forming the future of the world economy, the current stance and future of the leading world economies basically determine the volumes and distribution of the capital flows. This asym¬metrical interdependence of the dynamics of international capital flows and world economy is researched on the basis of available current examples. The forecast is made that in the coming years the growth of volumes of international capital flows is questionable. Anyway, the share of emerging economies will be increasing, especially at the expense of BRICS countries (particularly China). The article also forecasts that US role in international capital inflow would be positively impacted by US tax reform, on the one hand, and negatively touched by US political instability, on the other hand. It is noted that in spite of Brexit and the failure of Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership project, the principal partners of the EU countries in the sphere of international capital flows remain the UK and USA. The developed Asian countries will retain their position of net capital exporters. As for CIS countries, foreign capital inflows will be shifting to such countries as Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan, while the share of Russia in FDI inflows will be decreasing.
The main point of paper is that China's rapid economic development, which began in 1970s, had a positive and negative impact on the development of leaders and talents in Chinese companies. Despite the fact, that China is a developing economy with a large population, it also lacks labor. On the one hand, the rapid growth of the companies helped qualified specialists quickly occupy leading positions, but, on the other hand, companies faced the problem of finding qualified managers. Companies began to realize that short-term tasks run counter to the long-term goals of talent development, so they began to look for ways to search for the talents from outside. At the present moment main priority of the Chinese employment policy is returning highly qualified specialists who have received education abroad. According to statistics, from 1998 to 2008, the number of students returning to China reached 370 thousand, since 2000 their number has increased every year by 13%, and in 2008 reached 57,5% of the total number of people who went abroad to study. The Chinese government provide material support to the returned Chinese talents. For example, in 1992 the State Natural Science Foundation of China established a special fund that provides short-term financial support to students who received education abroad and returned to China. In 2008 was established the first venture fund, which supported the projects of Chinese students returning from abroad. Basically, investment goes to such areas as biotechnology, the IT and high technology enterprises that can replace heavy industry and bring China to a new level. Despite the large number of advantages that talents can receive by returning to China, there are a number of reasons why many of them do not want to return. The conclusion is that the general reasons are low living standards of the population, the large gap between social strata, a bad ecological situation, etc.