"Anna Karenina" (1914): Reconstructing and Interpretiong a Lost Russian Film
The article considers the problem of lost silent films, which is especially relevant to the study of Russian cinema, since most early Russian films have not been preserved, and it is hardly possible to describe the film history of this period without them. It is necessary to reconstruct films that have been lost or have been only partially preserved using every available source: stills, production photographs, reviews, memoirs, etc. A case of such “paper” reconstruction is presented in the article using the example of Vladimir Gardin’s Anna Karenina (1914), one of the most important Russian films of the mid-1910s. The results of this reconstruction prove that Anna Karenina was an innovative screen adaptation made in the spirit of the Silver Age that contributed to the development of the so-called Russian Style in pre-Revolutionary cinema.