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Article

Оптимизационные модели управления производственно-финансовой деятельности предприятия. Часть 1.

Both restricted development of the economic industrial sector and increase in the number of structural investors require effective management of the material and financial resources of an enterprise in order to reduce its production costs. The proposed work considers optimization models for managing the enterprise’s production and financial activities that make it possible to increase the efficiency of its operation in a dynamic market environment.
In addition to static models of the optimal production program selection with limited amount of fixed and working capital that do not consider the impact of the time factor, dynamic models of the production program optimization are proposed. Last type of models calculates the effect of inflation on the company’s marginal revenue.
Impact of inflation on both the selling and purchasing price is in the focus of the paper. The method to calculate optimal output under lack of inventory and equipment in the static models is based on linear optimization. Meantime, dynamic models are solved by nonlinear optimization. Using the attributes of piecewise constant functions, nonlinear dynamic models with a vector function as a solution is proposed to be transformed into linear programming models. The optimal solutions found in dynamic models are evaluated for its stability to inflation impact. 
Application of models with dynamic management of fixed and working capital is shown on the numerical example of the OAO Rot Front chocolate factory (a publicly held company under the laws of the Russian Federation) in the second part of the paper.