ВТОРОЙ ЕВРОПЕЙСКИЙ СИМПОЗИУМ КЕЛЬТОЛОГОВ В УНИВЕРСИТЕТЕ БАНГОРА - НОВЫЕ ВЫЗОВЫ И ПРОБЛЕМЫ КЕЛЬТОЛОГИИ
The article reviews Second European symposium in Celtic studies held in the University of
Bangor from July,31 st to August,3 rd . The specialists in Celtic archaeology and philology as well
as in Welsh and Irish literary studies participated in the conference. The article outlines the most
thought-provoking papers. The symposium turned out to be a demonstration of current trends in
Celtic studies rather than a place for scholarly discussion. The conference demonstrated that
source studies and philology, disciplines which traditionally prevailed in Celtic studies, retain
their leading positions. Active use of digital technologies has evidently facilitated not only the
process of editing sources and their criticism but also the process of linguistic reconstructions. It
is necessary to single out such prospective topics of the research as the issues of influence in
medieval and early Modern Ireland and Wales, the study of which enables to modify the
perceptions of the level of exclusiveness of Celtic-speaking regions in this period; new readings
of certain narratives and new theories in the field of the evolution of Celtic languages.
The review also draws attention to some problems of contemporary Celtic studies
revealed at the conference: the fragmentation of the studies which caused the absence of
discussion at the symposium, certain methodological crisis in literary studies and the lack of
scholarly focus on social practices.
The early Modern time was the period of serious cataclysms and transformations. Various groups of population reacted to events in different ways. One of the instruments of the new territorial legitimacy, which was required by the epoch, were historical narratives. They were used as arguments in the polemic about the past of Ireland. English historians and writers followed Gerald of Wales and treated the Irish pre-Anglo-Norman past critically regarding the native population as barbarians. To counter their arguments Gaelic and Old English intellectuals tried to justify civility of the Irish. ‘Foras Feasa ar Éirinn’ by Geoffrey Keating (1570–1644), a Catholic priest of Old-English descent, was such a narrative, in which the history of Ireland from the first settlers to the Anglo-Norman Invasion is described. The basis of his narrative is ‘Lebor Gabála Érenn’ (‘The Book of Invasions’), the medieval source of the peopling of Ireland.
As far as Keating is concerned, it is worth to distinquish between a tradition (where he rigorously follows his predecessors in the field of Irish history-writing) and an innovation (where he re-transmits, modifies and comments on historical data). The article sheds light on what Keating shares with tradition and where he breaks with it.
The author concludes that Keating’s work heralded the transitional period in Irish history-writing. On the one hand, it fitted into the context of preceding tradition, which supplied Keating with frame stories and conceptual schemes he reproduced. On the other hand, his text was defined by the demands of his time and in this perspective it conformed to the standards of Antiquarian and Erudite history-writing with its integral engagement of the author in the described events. That is why, “Foras Feasa ar Éirinn” was definitely individual.
The article is devoted to «An Acte for Lawes and Justice to be ministered in Wales in like fourme as it is in this Realm» (27 Henry VIII c. 26) and «An Acte for certaine Ordinaunces in the Kinges Majesties Domynion and Principalitie of Wales» (34 and 35 Henry VIII c. 26) which incorporated Wales to England, extended the legal system of England to Wales and introduced the norms of English administration. These Acts are considered as a part of the Tudor’s state formation, which was characterized by colonialism and by the intention to create a single state and a single legal jurisdiction. In this article authors analyze main causes of these acts’ creation and preparation stages for the Wales’ incorporation to England. Act of Union ended the distinction between the principality and the March, abolished privileges of the Lords of the March, established new administrative division into counties and provided Wales with representation in Parliament. According to the Act of Union 1535 English became the only language of the courts of Wales. The next Act of 1542 established new system of courts in Wales, as a result Wales got some elements of self-government.
The present volume is aimed at collecting and systematizing the unique experience of Ireland in an attempt to explain the phenomenon of the "Celtic Tiger", an exemplary illustration of the role of soft power as the leading power in the modern world.
On evolution of power in Wales in XI-XII centuries.
A study on the semantics of Proto-Celtic *kwenno in diachronic perspective
A collection of papers "Animals in Germanic and Celtic Languages"
The paper examines the main features of Roman-Irish relationship through the prism of military conflicts. Latin sources of the second half of the 4th century mention two groups of Irish raiders: skotti and attacotti. Both groups are difficult to identify, however it is proposed, based on the account of Ammianus Marcellinus, to distinguish them by the logic of forming (respectively, social and clan-based) and goals of military actvity (plundering and serch for new territory to settle). This assumtion is confirmed by later accounts of the sources.