Чем торгует Левиафан? Критерии оценки конкурентоспособности государств на рынках спасения
The metaphor of “salvation markets” can be limited useful for understanding the behaviour of those actors who operate in the intersections of sacral and political fields, being guided by their own rational logic, – for example, states. The weakening of their soteriological function, observable in the last decades, can be connected with contraction of “market of salvation” itself, due to the reduction of amount of human suffering. However, this contraction turned out temporary. Restoration of demand to salvation forces states to redefine its strategies, fluctuating between various versions of “civil religion”, “political religion”, radical laicism etc. At the same time, competition worsen between states and other operators of salvation – other forms of political groups (Verbände), as well as traditional and non-traditional hierocratic groups (Verbände).
Hypothetically, by the evaluation criterion of competitiveness of states on “salvation markets” can serve the degree of readiness expressed by their citizens “to fight for their country” In favour of hypothesis argues that the category of the victim, present in some way in almost any sacral discourses and symbolical complexes, passed therefrom both to discourses and to mechanisms of symbolization and legitimation of modern state. Moreover, there are no intuitively obvious evidence of this hypothesis in sociological data. Meanwhile, deeper analysis, possibly, will allow to reveal them. Alternatively, there are grounds to suggest that further course of events will undermine altogether the efficiency of the “market” metaphor in this context – and will require to replace it by the other metaphor. Most likely, it would be the metaphor of “war”.