Вознаграждение члена совета директоров: контрактный подход
Based on contractual theory of corporation the author sees relations between a board member and a company as
management service agreement, and remuneration is seen as consideration. The complexity of economic system makes it difficult to figure out “golden formula” to determine remuneration of board members which depends on the results of their activities. Consequently, it is advisable to determine the level of remuneration of board members taking into account the value of time spent by them. Since decision to pay the remuneration is the term of the contract between a company and a board member, to invalidate it para.2 art. 174 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation should be applied using the presumption of obvious damage. Obvious damage, in the absence of proof to
the contrary, is the excess of the remuneration level by twice or more of the value of similar services.
The author of article E.P.Gavrilov, professor of the chair of the civil law of the Higher school of economy, doctor of law answers to the questions of readers of the magazine, received in connection with his previously published article.
The article is concerned with the definition of «success fee» as a procedure of estimating the amount of attorneys or another persons fee (in case the latter provides legal service). In the focus of the authors attention is legal regulation of «success fee» in Russia and abroad, its advantages and disadvantages.
This piece analyzes the level and structure of seniors’ incomes in Russia as well as absolute poverty dynamics of Russian pensioners. For the purpose of this study, we define the threshold of old age as the retirement age – 55 for women, 60 for men. The main sources for the data include the regularly compiled statistics by the Russian Federal State Statistics Committee (Rosstat), 2010 Russian national census, and 2015 micro-census, as well as surveys carried out by Rosstat and the Russian longitudinal monitoring survey of NRU-HSE (RLMS-HSE).
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/