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Article

«Волны» моральных паник в российском обществе 1990-2010-х годов: историко-социологический анализ

Ефанов А. А.

The article provides a sociological rationale of constructing moral panics in Russian society in 1990-2010s. Statistical data are used, as well as a secondary analysis of the results of sociological research: both the research of other scientists and their own author’s developments. The author defines three moral panics “waves”: 1990s (youth subcultural movements (skinheads, antifascists, goths, ravers), the spread of Western culture, homosexuality, sex propaganda, narcotism, “computerization” of schoolchildren’s lives); 2008-2010 (pedophilia, spiceophobia); 2014 – present (military actions in Ukraine, HIV / AIDS epidemic, popularization of “death groups”). Taking into account historical facts, it is concretized, that the emergence of “waves” is associated with frustration phenomena: state and public reconstruction; economic crisis; aggravation of relations in the international political arena. The author explains the motivation for inspiring moral panics from the perspective of distraction from real problems (such as high inflation, low living standards, unemployment, etc.) toward virtual constructs of a trivial nature. The beneficiaries are representatives of the political elite, and the role of intermediaries is performed by media controllers. It is concluded, that neoplasms of the second and third “waves” are primarily moral panics of the second order, since they are constructed from a similar model of preceding series of phenomena.