Внешний контроль над экспертизой временной нетрудоспособности в Российской Федерации
The paper deals with the issue of the quality control over experts’ activities, the results of which are used for public administration purposes. The case in focus is the state control over temporary disability examination in the Russian Federation. This patient’s health evaluation provides the cause for sick leaves and ensures the functioning of the mandatory social insurance system. The study aims to reconstruct routine procedures and practices of external control over this medical activity and to reveal their inherent limitations. The empirical basis of analysis includes 31 semi-structured interviews with healthcare professionals and inspectors, laws and regulations of the Russian Federation, and accessible statistical data on the state inspections of medical organizations. It was revealed that in this case the initial complexity of assessing the expert’s service by its customer is complemented by the lack of clear rules of expertise, the separation of control authority between different state bodies, the purely documentary nature of inspections, as well as severe but hardly applied sanctions for low-quality temporary disability examination.
The main problem is that the external control system, focused on verifying the
correctness of filling out the documentation, cannot track whether all patients with sick leaves were indeed incapable of working and the insured events did take place.
The article is devoted to the Soviet school of the late Stalinism. The Soviet education was intended to form a politically loyal citizen. In varying degrees all school subjects had an ideological basis. The teachers of physics and chemistry had to demonstrate the priority of Russian and Soviet science. The teachers of geography demonstrated the strength and wealth of the Soviet motherland. But the main ideological subjects in school ware the humanitarians, first of all the history and the Constitution of the USSR.
The article considers the difficulties in teaching this school subjects. Learning of the native history and the main law of the Soviet state was not easy for schoolchildren. The management organs of education realized it as a problem. The regional authority conducted the massive inspection of schools in the Molotov (Perm) region in 1949-50 school year. These materials have become the main sources for the article.
Learning of the schoolchildrens mistakes tell us not only about the ways of development of the Stalinism myth by new generation. Mistakes of schoolchildrens help us to understand the ideas of teachers and officials of regional nomenclature about what is a norm and what is a deviation.
Stalin's myth in this analysis ceases to be monolithic. Development ideology faced with unavoidable gaps in the way of development and representation of the world. The main contradiction of the training became the gap between the neck (naive, visual) and text understanding of a myth. It created problems in in the broadcast of ideology. Like a theoretical basis in the article was used some ideas of Pierre Bourdieu.
This paper examines the early history of agricultural entomology in the Russian empire in the decades before Russian universities and learned societies occupied centre stage in the intellectual life of the country. It aims to contribute to the ongoing discussions of historically contingent relations between ‘amateurs’ and ‘professionals’ in scientific research. It explores the social identities of those people who took part in the production and circulation of scientific knowledge, and argues that in this period Russian officialdom played a major role in these processes. The state officials’ engagement with natural history originated out of a broader information gathering agenda, which was characteristic of the early- to mid-nineteenth century. At the same time, the paper highlights the importance of provincial observers who were indispensable for providing field data for bureaucratic ‘inventorying’ of imperial resources. This dependency on local observers had far reaching implications, including the dissemination of the language and practices of natural history among wider audiences.
On the basis of structural functional and historical approaches we performed the analysis of social insurance legislation which demonstrated that by the beginning of the 90-s of the preceding century this legislation had not been systematized. With the development of a new branch of law – social security law – there appeared objective preconditions for converting a complex branch formation in the sphere of social security into a branch of social security legislation.
The report is considered part of the Soviet Koreans in the construction of the socialist state - the DPRK. Since 1946, after the liberation of the Korean Peninsula for rehabilitation and construction of the state, the Soviet leadership sent from the Soviet specialists in different fields from the Soviet Koreans. According to the identified archival materials in North Korea sent experts irrigation, hydrometeorological and manufacturing communications equipment, technical assistance in the preparation of plans for the rehabilitation of industrial enterprises and specialist advisers to work in Korean organizations to work in the field of science, culture and health. Soviet specialists sent to North Korea until 1958. It is difficult to agree with the findings of previous research that Soviet Koreans were supposedly free entry and exit in the DPRK. Registration forms the members and alternate members of the CPSU (b) - Koreans living in the Soviet Union were made in 1944. Lists Koreans citizens of the Soviet Union, aimed to North Korea in 1946-1950,. for teaching and others. work and their family members (properties and help them) were also under strict control. As scientific interest, and reserve lists of Stage III (personal affairs Koreans citizens of the Soviet Union, not left to work in North Korea), dating back to 1946 year.
The process of employee insurance against accidents at work is considered. The benefits of workers associated with the onset of insurance cases are analyzed.
The paper focuses on possibility of combination of discrete-event simulation and expert based approach in the process of evaluation of al-ternative development programs of performance management systems and selection of one of them for implementation. Such tools as timed stochastic Petri nets, specialized simulation software, as well as decision support in-formation systems are considered. Practical application of the advanced recommendations allows increasing justification of decision making in the field of selection of programs for performance management systems devel-opment.
The main purpose of this textbook is to help students studying in legal areas and specialties, to acquire knowledge in the field of social security law. The textbook outlines the theoretical foundations of social security law, reveals its basic concepts, principles, sources and forms, considered the types of compulsory social insurance and state social security. Particular attention is paid to judicial and law enforcement practice, as well as the legislation of the subjects of the Russian Federation. The undoubted advantages of this publication are the clarity of wording and methodically verified presentation of complex legal material. The basis of its submission is the competence approach. Students will be able to check their theoretical knowledge with the help of control questions, test tasks and tasks presented to all chapters of the textbook. Therefore, the textbook will be interesting and useful not only for students, but also for practitioners, as well as all those interested in the problems of social security law.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.