Город святых апостолов: образ Рима в письмах Григория Великого
The article analyzes the image of the city of Rome, as it appears in the letters of Pope Gregory the Great (590–604). Gregory did a great deal to make Rome prosper and transformed it into one of the main spiritual centers of the Christian West. This was achieved thanks to the Pope’s relentless care about beautifying the city, about repairing the churches and founding monasteries, all of were testimony to the triumph of the Christian faith. Another, very important factor was the veneration of the relics of the saints, chiefly the apostles Peter and Paul. Gregory established a genuine cult of their worship, thereby turning Rome into a center of pilgrimage.
The article deals with the political, theological and cultural dialogue between papal Rome and Imperial Constantinople. The period of 6-8th centuries is the one of Byzantine domination in Rome, and a number of Roman frescoes belong to this period, whose style and iconography give insights into the theological and political polemics, or into the cultural influence of early Byzantine art on the local tradition. Art works are rarely used or not used at all as sources in the study of relations between the two capitals and iconoclasm. This study can helpfully contribute to the overall research view on the subject
On Christmas Eve 1402, Hungarian noblemen gathered in the Cathedral of Nagyvárad, where St. Ladislas’ tomb was located, and swore an oath on the holy king’s relics. They proclaimed thus their allegiance to King Ladislas of Naples and conspired against the ruling King Sigis mund of Luxemburg. By swearing an oath on St. Ladislas’ relics, the conspirators united their minds and forces around the ideal figure of the holy king and knight who became the symbol of a political cause and the embodiment of the kingdom which King Sigismund was no longer suited to represent. The symbolic gesture of oath-swearing on St. Ladislas’ relics took place in the midst of a three-year political crisis (1401–1403) that seized the Kingdom of Hungary as a consequence of the barons’ dissatisfaction with King Sigismund’s measures, which jeopardized their wealth and political influence. By relying on both written accounts and visual sources, the present paper examines the utilizing by Hungarian noblemen during this political crisis of important political and spiritual symbols associated with the Kingdom of Hungary. These included: the cults, relics, and visual representations of St. Ladislas, the Hungarian Holy Crown, or the kingdom’s heraldry. The propagandistic usage of these spiritual and political symbols was reinforced by their insertion into elaborated rituals and symbolic actions, such as coronations or oath-swearing on relics. By activating the link between secular and religious spheres through these rituals and symbolic actions, their performers hoped to attract the divine approval. By discussing such instances, the present paper seeks to illustrate how the ideal figure of St. Ladislas became the catalyzing force behind a political cause.
This publication, edited for the first time in Russia, is dedicated to the famous Roman gallery of Borghese, with a collection of ancient art and sculpture of the New Time, Renaissance masterpieces and works of artists of the 17th and 18th centuries, collected by one of the most celebrated and powerful Italian families and kept in a beautiful palace built especially for works of art. In this space are collected the magnificent sculptures of Bernini, works of Raphael and Titian, paintings of Giovanni Bellini and Paolo Veronese, Perugino and Correggio, Cranach and Rubens and other famous masters.
This article deals with some aspects of the influence of the Roman public law on the Russia law. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of the concepts of "state" and "tsarstvo" in the Roman public law and Russian law, of the legal aspects of the relationship between church and state in Ancient Rome, and Russia - the "Third" Rome, of the concept of the republic, as well as the relationship of public power and people in Roman and Soviet law.
The goal of the article is to distinguish the trustworthy data on the decoration of the apse of the Church of Santa Maria Antiqua from the stereotypes of the scolarship.
The paper examines the main features of Roman-Irish relationship through the prism of military conflicts. Latin sources of the second half of the 4th century mention two groups of Irish raiders: skotti and attacotti. Both groups are difficult to identify, however it is proposed, based on the account of Ammianus Marcellinus, to distinguish them by the logic of forming (respectively, social and clan-based) and goals of military actvity (plundering and serch for new territory to settle). This assumtion is confirmed by later accounts of the sources.