Agricultural Policy in Russia
This article looks at the evolution of state agricultural policy in the context of a change in the general political line from the radical liberalism of the 1990s to state patronage and active support of the agricultural sector today. The privatization of land and the creation of private farms, the National Priority Project Development of the Agro-Industrial Complex, the adoption of Russia’s Food Security Doctrine, Russia’s accession to the WTO, and import substitution in response to Western sanctions are considered as stages of this policy. The author draws the conclusion that agricultural policy is inconsistent because of its excessive dependence on the political context, as determined by foreign policy collisions and the transformation of Russia’s internal development model.
The work is devoted to the mechanisms of preference policy in public procurement system in Russia. The paper discusses the technologies and risks of the preference policy of government in the public contracting and justify the need for the balance between preferential support and open competition.
The article is devoted to the practical aspects of procurement procedures in the medical organizations according to Russian public procurement law. The paper discusses the peculiarities and risks of purchasing procedures of medicines, medical tools and equipment in the budgetary medical organizations.
The research was carried out an econometric analysis of the relationship of food spending residents of St. Petersburg on a number of factors. It has been established that the presence of the food embargo and the rise in oil prices increases the cost of food. High GDP growth reduces them. CPI product category affects differently.
In the article the analysis of the influence of economic sanctions on the processes of Russia’s political and economic self-identification is carried out. Also the evaluation of reciprocal measures of Russia is carried out. The conducted research has shown that for stabilization of Russian economy it is necessary not only to re-direct the foreign trade relations, but also to develop national industries carrying out effective policy of import substitution.
This article examines the relationship between import of components and export of products in Russian manufacturing companies. We test whether the import of components and semi-finished goods for further processing increases export intensity and innovativeness of export at the firm level. Additionally, the effect of imports of equipment and other means of production on the competitiveness of exports is tested. We employ cross-sectional data for 895 manufacturing firms in Russia in 2014 which comes from the RUFIGE database. To test the hypothesis, we use probit regression. The study shows that import of high-tech components provides higher competitiveness in export markets and is associated with higher share of export revenues in Russian manufacturing firms. We also find a positive impact of imports of machinery and equipment on the export of high-tech products in Russian manufacturing firms.
The monograph reveals one of the Central perspectives of import substitution, which is not a simple increase in production volumes, but a reduction in the costs of both production and circulation, based on the use of advanced technologies corresponding to higher technological structures. The monograph is intended for students and postgraduates, as well as a wide range of readers interested in the possibilities of mareting as a concept of company management.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.