Маркс в университете 3.0?
The paper is an attempt to consider the contemporary changes in the global higher education known as the establishing of ‘academic capitalism’ from the point of view of Marxian’ theory reflected in ‘Capital’ and related economic manuscripts. It is shown that the main actor of the academic capitalism the so-called third generation university is de facto a big capitalist corporation; its formation is a sign of a shift from ‘formal’ to ‘real subsumtion’ of academic labor under the capital (in Marx’ terms) in a knowledge based economy. Its most important features are as follows: the formation of a cooperation based academic labor power used by modern universities as its tool; the cooperation itself is becoming a self-sustaining specie confronting the academics; the knowledge itself produced by academic laborers is becoming a tool not of members of the university, but of capital itself. Considering the Russian higher education, the author points out that here the process of real subsuming of academics under the capital is less expressed, most of Russian higher educational institutions are starving merely from the Soviet heritage than from the transformation into the area platform of ‘academic capitalism’. Thus, the paper pledges for some approaches which might help Russian universities to adapt for modern development trends in higher education.
The authors review and analyze scholarly publications on the topic of student-faculty communication outside the classroom. In the paper, the historical and theoretical background of the phenomenon of student-faculty interaction is presented; on this basis, various types of such communication are identified and described. The authors examine how out-of-classroom interaction influences the participants of this process, which factors and characteristics determine its types and intensity. The issues related to the perception of this type of contact by students and teachers are also highlighted in the paper, and the importance to realize its complexity and multidimensionality is emphasized.
This collection includes the materials of the II National mteraniversity Scientific and Methodological Conference "Improving the teaching and methodological work at the university in a changing environment", organized by the Methodological Council of St. Petersburg State Economic University on January 29-30, 2018. The materials of the collection are grouped into sections in accordance with the topics of the plenary session (section 1) and sectional sessions (2-6 sections). The articles presented in the collection are intended for heads of methodical departments of the university, teachers, as well as for all those involved in the development of the educational system.
The monograph considers theoretical and methodological aspects of the development of higher education, provides a historical overview of the problems of higher education in Russia and abroad, describes innovative pedagogical technologies of higher education. Special attention is devoted to the questions of psychological and pedagogical aspects of the transformation of higher education.
This paper presents a model of strategic competition between universities that accounts for the existence of positive spillover effect from -education (peer effect). It was demonstrated that in the presence of peer effect strategic competition results in inefficient student allocation between the two universities (biased to the high-quality university) and excessive quality differentiation. The model is used to analyze the implications of government funding policies as well as admission and quality regulation. It was demonstrated that traditional schemes of institutional funding and students’ financial aid programs like tuition fee subsidy, quality investment subsidy, or total cost subsidy reduce social welfare. At the same time, an introduction of provision of tuition-free education for the best students combined with a per-student grant provided to the university improves both students’ and social welfare. It was also demonstrated that tight admission regulation is not socially desirable while the introduction of minimum quality standards makes society better off.
The present study is aimed at exploring the role of universities in socio-economic development of a region, undertaking a comparative analysis of efficiency assessment models of universities’ integration into solving regional development tasks in order to determine a set of the most relevant quantitative and qualitative indicators of such assessment and outlining its main stages.
The key method of the empirical study is the method of expert interview. Statistical information, published regional development strategies and materials of applied research on similar topics were also used.
Based on the empirical materials obtained by the authors, major roles that a university can play in the regional development were identified and the ratio of a region’s strategy to a university as well as the peculiarities of its participation in the formation of a regional strategy was considered. The current and potential mechanisms of integration, existing and possible conditions for cooperation and the relevant forms of its organization were outlined; the quality and quantity of the resources and competencies that a university possesses for meeting regional tasks and the possibilities of their improvement were assessed. As a result, there were highlighted 2 groups of factors characterizing a university’s inclusion in solving socio-economic challenges of a region’s development – quantitative and qualitative; there were suggested indicators which determine them and there were defined the main stages of the efficiency assessment of such integration.
When comparing the results concluded with the materials of other research proposals, an additional group of qualitative factors was formed and a previously unidentified group of administrative and information indicators was identified among the quantitative ones.
The results of the study can be recommended to universities and regional authorities to create an effective model of cooperation in the interest of the regional development; the results of performance assessment of higher education organizations according to the proposed algorithm can be used to justify the efficiency of investments in the workings of one or the other university.
This paper summaries the experience of a group of tutors making research-oriented seminar for masters’ students during the period of 2011–2015 years. For standard curriculum enhancement, the following methods were used: the balanced scorecard, subject-oriented approach for learning process modeling, e-learning platforms, virtual seminar concept, and many others.
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.