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Article

ПОДХОДЫ К ИЗУЧЕНИЮ ПОСТРОЕНИЯ ПОДРОСТКАМИ ТРАЕКТОРИИ ЖИЗНЕННОГО ПУТИ

Психологический журнал. 2018. Т. 39. № 1. С. 36-45.
Жилинская А. В., Бочавер А. А.

The analysis of existential, social and instrumental approaches to understanding of construction
of trajectory of life course by adolescents is presented; their key theses are compared; possibilities and
restrictions from the point of view of understanding of meaning and developmental tasks in adolescence are
studied. It has been shown that different aspects of life construction are emphasized in different approaches
thus enabling to concentrate on everyday, notional aspects of life (existential approach); social representations
about succession of stages, image of success, system of attitudes to adolescent’s construction of life (social
approach); as well as on environmental and interpersonal resources for concrete tasks’ solution and tactics of
their implementation (instrumental approach). Conclusions about strong and weak aspects of the examined
approaches make it possible to specify programs for psychological and pedagogical support of adolescents
in planning and realization of their life choices. Recommendations have been made; prospects of studies in
the given field of psychological researches have been shown.