Интернет-занятость: инновационные формы и деформированные состояния
The active development and expansion of information technologies in society led to the formation of a new social and labor structure characterized by innovative forms of employment. The emergence of new forms of labor activity, different from those in the industrial era, raises the issues of their functioning, problematization and lacks. This paper focuses on e-work as a new atypical form of employment based on the achievements of information and communication technologies, when the Internet acts as a link between an employer and an employee. Like other innovations e-work initially spreads among a small number of “innovators”, gradually attracting a wider community. At this stage the legislative base is being formed, which allows protecting participants’ labor rights, as well as providing their social and pension insurance. Another important problem is the social attitude towards such employment form and the stigmatization of Internet workers, especially on behalf of relatives and friends. The challenges arising in the development of this new employment form are being gradually overcome, and problematic areas are turned into a target. Considering various factors enables to answer the question about the deformed state of this labor activity and highlights positive trends in its institutionalization.