Интернет-занятость: инновационные формы и деформированные состояния
The active development and expansion of information technologies in society led to the formation of a new social and labor structure characterized by innovative forms of employment. The emergence of new forms of labor activity, different from those in the industrial era, raises the issues of their functioning, problematization and lacks. This paper focuses on e-work as a new atypical form of employment based on the achievements of information and communication technologies, when the Internet acts as a link between an employer and an employee. Like other innovations e-work initially spreads among a small number of “innovators”, gradually attracting a wider community. At this stage the legislative base is being formed, which allows protecting participants’ labor rights, as well as providing their social and pension insurance. Another important problem is the social attitude towards such employment form and the stigmatization of Internet workers, especially on behalf of relatives and friends. The challenges arising in the development of this new employment form are being gradually overcome, and problematic areas are turned into a target. Considering various factors enables to answer the question about the deformed state of this labor activity and highlights positive trends in its institutionalization.
The chapter analyses legal status of foriegn workers in Russia, pecularities of their labour contract, social insuarance and the role and competence of governing bodies, evaluating control over the foriegn workforce
The book is aimed at B1-B2 English language learners majoring in the fields of management and economics (marketing, management, enterprise management, logistics, human resource management). It includes nine chapters covering the areas relevant for building language competencies of a contemporary manager: leadership, team management, freelancing, customer care, marketing and entering new markets, advertising and branding, international cooperation. Each chapter contains active vocabulary sections, exercises for individual and group work aimed at developing professional and language skills of learners.
The book is relevant as it provides the integrated approach to buidling professional and language skills of a manager through role plays, presentations, case studies. The tasks enable learners to develop autonomy and critical thinking skills.
The main purpose of the workshop-to allow people studying the discipline "Labor law", to apply theoretical knowledge in the performance of practical tasks based on specific situations, the preparation of control tasks of an analytical nature and conducting business games. For students on educational programs of academic undergraduate, graduate students and teachers of law schools and faculties. It can be used by students of additional educational programs, employees of state and municipal bodies, personnel services and legal services of various organizations, employers - individuals, as well as anyone interested in labor law.
In this paper briefly discusses the phenomenon of information work, in the context of the transition of modern society to post-industrial type, as well as the author pays attention to the social consequences of the process of informatization work.
The main reason the so-called "crisis of education" covers not only the rap-id changes in the system of knowledge and technology, but also the changes in the labor market, the prevalence of atypical employment. As a result, the univer-sity, by definition, can not train a specialist, fully satisfying the requirements of the employer. For example, the direction of "Advertising and public relations" proposes measures to resolve the existing contradictions.
This paper examines wage differentials between permanent/non-permanent and full-time/part-time employees. The analysis is based on the representative Household Survey of Welfare dataset, collected by Rosstat and the World Bank in 2003. The results show that non-permanent workers suffer a loss in wages while part-timers earn more per hour than full-timers, but the wage gap diminishes substantially when controlled for observed and non-observed characteristics. It seems that the theory of segmented labor markets is quite appropriate for explaining these differences in the Russian labor market.
In the industrial era, work was the main activity for a person, determining its status in society, image and lifestyle, which undoubtedly influenced the formation of a certain notion of "good" and "bad" work, of prestigious and popular professions, and as a consequence, image of the "traditional" form of labor.
At the enterprises integrated into structure of multinational corporations, high-quality changes of the labor relations are observed. How traditional trade union' practices adapt to policy and actions of the new owner? What problems are generated by this interaction? How priorities and forms of trade-union organization work are changing? The author offers answers to these questions, analyzing Samara Metallurgical Plant experience.
В начале XXI века возникла и стала активно развиваться занятость населения через онлайн-платформы. Это стало отличительной чертой новой цифровой экономики. В настоящей работе прослеживается развитие платформенной занятости фрилансеров в Российской Федерации и на постсоветском пространстве в целом. В исследовании используются уникальные данные четырех онлайн-опросов, проведенных авторами в 2009, 2011, 2014 и 2019 годах на ведущей русскоязычной бирже удалённой работы для творческого и интеллектуального труда FL.ru. Общая методология, используемая для сбора и анализа данных каждого обследования, даёт возможность пролить свет на динамику ключевых показателей за десятилетний период. В исследовании рассматриваются социально-демографические характеристики фрилансеров, их карьерные траектории, мотивация, условия работы и удовлетворённость ею, а также проблемы, с которыми фрилансеры сталкиваются в своих отношениях с клиентами. В целом результаты указывают на возросшее значение платформ, распространение новой модели работы среди более широких слоев населения и распространённость неформальных отношений, которые могут препятствовать будущему развитию онлайн-рынка труда. Отсутствие основных трудовых прав, коллективного представительства и социальной защиты фрилансеров также вызывает серьёзную озабоченность.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.