Тенденции постсоветских политических режимов в свете новейшей волны конституционных поправок
The article examines the current wave of constitutional amendments in post-Soviet area (2014–2018) as an answer to the revolutionary breakdown of political regime in Ukraine (2014) and a search for new strategies of political modernization. It traces the different attitudes to constitutional reforms agenda – revolutionary, reformist and counter-reformist, showing how the balance of power has been shifted in political regimes with parliamentary, semi-presidential and presidential systems of government. It discusses the importance of ideological grounds and substantive features of new constitutional provisions as well as legal and technical mechanisms of their elaboration, adoption and implementation in different countries of the region. The author provides an incisive account of the phenomenon of the political regimes legitimacy crisis and the role of new institutions in overcoming it.
The article discusses the contemporary state of political regional science in Russia. The author outlines three approaches towards the key notion of political region (political administrative, political system and political sociological), based on its own region-making factors, such as administrative borders, political interests and political identities. The author points out two main parts of political regional science; these are comparative federalism and regionalism on one hand and cross-regional comparative politics on the other hand. The key concepts of political regional science are intergovernmental (or inter-level in broader sense) relations and regional politics. The successful development of Russian political regional science needs for the integration with the Western political science and the resolution of contradictions with some of its traditions.
Considering specifi city of modernization processes in Russia, caused both by internal problems and Russias place in global economy, the author brings an attention to the question of features of standard-values system of Russian reformers. Results of the analysis of 12 values-blocks forming a basis of the variety of the standard-valuable systems of Russians are given.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.