В поисках утраченного образца: к вопросу о происхождении персонификаций Дней творения в западноевропейских циклах Сотворения мира XII в.
The article is devoted to the study of tradition of representation of angels in the Early Christian and Early Medieval Art of Byzantium and Western Europe.
Ce chapitre, dans un manuel novateur consacré aux images médiévales, analyse un des problèmes les plus complexes de la peinture médiévale, le rapport difficile entre les plans dans la composition picturale. Un seul exemple, décrit de manière détaillée, l'enluminure des Evangiles d'Otton III à Aix-la-Chappelle, permet de saisir les spécificités de l'art médiéval avant l'apparition de l'ainsi dite perspctive italienne.
The aim of this article is to provide a critical analysis of most recent trends in the study of medieval art, especially those approaches which are signaled by last influential works of Jean Wirth, Jérôme Baschet and Olivier Boulnois. I give my view points on several problems and documents of medieval art, try to demonstrate strong and feable sides of recent methodology in the field.
This work is analyzing the Icon of the Last Judgment, which is most probably painted in the Yaroslavl region. Many striking and evocative images in the Last Judgment icon present a clear, interesting, representative and comprehensive catalog of the complex theological concepts connected to the Last Judgment theme as they evolved during the 17th century. Its iconography exemplifies all the teachings of Russian Orthodox tradition and includes additional Bible-based subjects not found in standard Christian doctrine; for example, the representation of “Outcast Nations” argues that different peoples enjoy different degrees of access to salvation, and that some peoples, to the mind of 17th-century Russian society, are beyond salvation. There is also attention to the Russian social context, and some depictions show that the artist or artists who created the icon grappled with social questions, attempting to categorize sinners who were condemned by Russian society at that time. An example of such itemization is the group who sinned by excessive drinking, which, unusually, is depicted separately from other groups of sinners and, it is implied, are to be treated with more than the traditional level of mercy.
Cet essai réunit des réflexions sur l’interaction entre les arts, les savoirs et la politique à la cour de Frédéric II de Hohenstaufen (1220-1250). Il s’agit de thèmes déjà abordés et développés dans la thèse de doctorat soutenue par l’auteur à l’EHESS de Paris, sous la direction de Jean-Claude Schmitt. Cet ouvrage utilise des documents connus depuis longtemps par les spécialistes, mais encore entièrement inédits, comme par exemple le Liber Introductorius, une somme d'astrologie et cosmologie, œuvre de Michael Scotus (rédigée avec toute probabilité en 1230). La lecture du traité de Pierre d’Eboli sur les bains de Pozzuoli stimule des réflexions sur l'histoire de la science au XIIIe siècle et sur la tradition de l’école de médecine de Salerne, mais aussi sur les méthodologies à suivre pour une analyse des textes et des images (surtout pour les manuscrits à miniatures et pour les techniques de sculpture) dans l’Italie du Sud.
On the occasion of Doha being a cultural capital of the Middle East in 2010 and Istanbul being a cultural capital of Europe, Doha Orientalist museum is holding a symbolic exhibition “A Journey into the World of the Ottomans”, accompanied by a catalogue. Major part of the illustrated exhibition artworks are to come from the Orientalist museum own collection, the Rijksmuseum, as well as other major collections. The exhibition will bring together artists from the sixteenth century onwards, including Bernardino Campi, Jacopo Ligozzi, Nicolas Rycks, Jean-Baptiste Vanmour, Jean-Étienne Liotard, Antoine Ignace Melling, Francesco Hayez, John Frederick Lewis, Walter Gould, Alberto Pasini, Germain Fabius Brest, Oskar Kokoschka, Nikolai Kalmikoff, Vanessa Hodgkinson and Bas Princen. The artworks selected are to illustrate the history of the orientalism development from the sixteenth to twenty first century, which throughout the years shaped the image of the Ottoman world in Europe, covering different genres of orientalist art. - See more at: http://www.skira.net/a-journey-into-the-world-of-the-ottomans.html?___store=en&___from_store=default#sthash.V8N9Mye4.dpuf
The article is devoted to the formation of the image of the pre-revolutionary history of Russia on the example of Yuri Tarich's film Wings of Serf (1926). In the first post-revolutionary decade, there was a departure from previous standards in the image of national history. Authors searched for new forms of screen representations of past events. Although the film inherits the tradition of depicting the king as a murderer and tyrant, the creators – director Yuri Tarich and screenwriter Victor Shklovsky – tried to transfer on screen revolutionary understanding of history. The film is influenced
by historical theory of Mikhail Pokrovsky, and Shklovsky introduced the economic element in the scenario as the main engine of the plot.
The avant-garde figures who came to cinema (Shklovsky, first of all, was a literary critic) came up with the rules of screenwriting craft on the go and challenged the boundaries of cinema's possibilities in practice. The purpose of Wings of Serf’s screenplay was to move away from the one-sided image of Ivan the Terrible and determine his actions as of economic basis. Shklovsky and Tarich developed the idea of the revolutionary remaking of the image of the past in their next work, the film version of Captain's Daughter.
The article covers the history of foreign screenings of Wings of Serf, focusing on the history of censorship bans and re-editing of the film for USA. The author shows in the article the possible influence of Wings of Serf on Ivan the Terrible by Sergei Eisenstein, which is implicitly present in both artistic and plot terms.
Despite success and foreign distribution, the movie was visually traditional, realistic, and researchers considered, most often, as the prologue before radical change of the relation to Ivan the Terrible in the thirties. The article shows how filmmakers of the first decade after the revolution used to work with historical material.
This collection of essays was published in a form of a catalogue for one of the propgrams screened at the Yamagata International Documentary Film Fstival in October 2019. The program entitled "The Creative Treatment of Grierson in Wartime Japan" was co-organized by the Yamagata International Documentary Film Festival and the National Film Archive of Japan and presented a broad variety of wartime Japanese documentaries as well as British and Soviet films that have influenced them. The collection of essays explores the development of wartime Japanese documentary cinema from variety of historical and theoretical perspectives.
The paper examines a rare explored phenomenon of Soviet cover design –a number of official releases produced by the only recording concern Melodija on the one hand, and so-called “tape-albums” became widespread among underground people in the late Soviet Union, on another.