The article analyzes the problem of emblematic rhetorics and to one of its manifestations – J. Mazen’s theory «Imago Figurata». The article dwells on the rhetorical emblem as it was seen by Jesuits – starting from «argutial» emblem and up to emblem being a rhetorical syllogism. The article demonstrates how emblem’s rhetorization has postulated its integrity in relationships between «protasis» and «apodosis» together with «four fonts of invention» and parallel structure of emblematics and canons of rhetorical «dispositio».
This paper discusses the morphological and syntactic means of expression of participants in morphology and syntax of West Circassian (Adyghe) focusing on the argument vs adjunct characteristics of these means. West Circassian provide evidence for the non-discretness of the argument/adjunct contrast but also shows the necessity to distinguish between argument/adjunct properties in morphological expressions and in syntactic expressions.
The present article provides some interesting examples of how Christian apologetic discourse was developed within the framework of the ‘Nestorian’ theological encyclopedia written in Arabic in the medieval Mesopotamia. The author illustrates his treatise on love with examples of the Prophets who forgot self, in particular, Abraham and Job (cf. Qurʾān 38) and, finally, refers to Christ’s self-sacrifice. In the chapter on purity, he emphasizes clothing in wool of those who practiced asceticism thus implicitly connecting Muslim Sufis (Arabic taṣawwuf is commonly derived from ṣūf ‘wool’) to the Biblical and Christian ascetics. The research is based on the Paris manuscript of the Kitāb al- maǧdal – BnF ar. 190.
The article includes a first full translation into Russian of the second chapter from the “Memorial of God's Friends” (Taẕkirat al-awliyā), hagiographic compendium composed by Farid ad-Din ʻAttar in the 12th century. The chapter gives the life story of Uways Qarani (d. 657), Yamani ascetic and man of faith from the generation of Muhammad’s followers. The legends on Uways and his sayings collected and arranged by ʻAttar serve as a useful tool to understand the intricate Uways-related imagery which permeates Persian love and mystic poetry. The text of translation is preceded by a short survey of that kind of imagery and provided with a commentary related to philological and cultural details.
Using the example of the works of a well-known British scholar, Frances Yates, the present author analyses a rational attitude to the so-called “Western esotericism”. Yates was among the first researchers to study the esoteric (“hermeticist-cubalistic” by her terminology) element in Renaissance and early Modern time culture. She has devoted four books to this topic. Yates’s approach is considered through the prism of a few key themes: esotericism and the scientific revolution, esotericism and artistic creativity, the history of John Dee. The author places Yates’s ideas in the general context of a rational view of Western esotericism in the second half of the twentieth century
The article focuses on the historical and geographical literary work of 18th century named the “Description of the Selected Villages” (Taengniji, 擇里志) with reference to the cultural opposition of “friend or foe” which since the 17th century has acquired a special value for Korean intellectuals. With the coming to power in 1644 of the Manchu Qing dynasty and the fall of the Chinese Ming dynasty – the former formal overlord of Korea – Koreans-intellectuals wanted to revise the existing picture of the world, since the “uncivilized” Qing could not be the “Middle State”. Yi Chunghwan, the author of the “Description of the Selected Villages” addressed Korean geography to resolve that cultural conflict, proving the succession of Korea after China, and this article considers the ideas he outlined. According to Yi Chung-hwan, the very geographical location of Korea determines the high level of moral values of the Korean people; its merits – and the main is “loyalty” to the Ming dynasty; and predetermines the development of Korean history and international relations. In “inheriting” the traditional Chinese values, norms and “civilization” Mt. Paektu standing on the border between China and Korea acts as a link, and for that reason Yi Chung-hwan endowed it with special “qualities”. At the same time, the mountain was also included in the territories considered to be sacred for the Qing dynasty. Thus, the conflict between the interests of both states was inevitable.
The article is devoted to the diaries of the nun Abutsu “Utataneno Ki” and “Izayoi Nikki”. Abutsu began her career, like most young women of her circle, as a court lady in the service of Princess Ankamonin. As fate would have it at the age of thirty Abutsu met Fujiwara no Tameie, a descendant of the great dynasty of poets. Abutsu influenced the life of the Mikohidari poetic house, apparently playing her part in splitting the family into three branches. Abutsu had to fight for the right of her children to inherit not only the rich estate of Hosokawa, but also for the transfer to them of the entire library, what opened up tremendous career opportunities for the court poet. Being practically the only sources of the biography of Abutsu, diaries provide valuable information about the young and old years of the writer. However, we are dealing with a fiction that is at the same time very personal for the author. So, “Utatane” is a diary of yet a very young Abutsu, who was fascinated by “Genji-monogatari” being clearly under its influence. While “Izayoi nikki” is completely different, there is an obvious political and personal background that Abutsu kept in mind when writing a diary. Abutsu is positioning herself as a strong personality: a devoted wife, mourning her husband, an outcasted mother, ready to go on a difficult journey and, finally, a talented poet who can convey sacred knowledge about poetry to her descendants.
The article deals with the “Remembrance of Jaʻfar Sadiq”, opening chapter of the largest Persian hagiographic compendium "Remembrances of God’s friends” of Farid al-din ʻAttar (d. 1221). Apologetic aspects of this remembrance in the context of the earlier Sufi hagiographic tradition are primarily considered. In addition, the motives, partly revealing the author’s conception of this book, have been found.
The analysis of the traditional biography of Fujiwara-no Asomi Nakamaro as seen in "Shoku Nihongi".
At the very core of Frank's perception of culture here is the primary 1-You relation. On the one hand, it separates the culture from the world of distinct things in which there are the subject-object connections; on the other hand, it transfers the researcher's position inside the space of culture. An art is the most pure manifestation of culture, which turns to be the model of pure existence, not divided into different subjects and therefore perceived by intuition. The culture for Frank is not an object to be contemplated but the very type of relationship of man and reality.
The article examines the double identity of altar retables and some other types of thirteenth- to fifteenth-century painting in churches in Florence and Venice which were commissioned by private patrons or lay confraternities for the churches of mendicant orders. The vows of poverty and the rigorous statutes of these orders severely limited the possibility of their being direct patrons of art objects in their churches. Nevertheless they made available private spaces (chapels and altars) to wealthy families and lay confraternities. This helped them to raise money and to strengthen their relations with the city laity. However these spaces were never entirely private, as they were often used by the clergy who thoroughly controlled their iconographic programs and decorative schemes. Thus the panel paintings examined here reflect the identity of the donors by placing, families’ coats of arms, or figures of the patron saints of family members and of the order. by means of sophisticated iconography programs could be composed by and for the monks themselves. By controlling the art objects in many private chapels in their churches the congregations obtained cohesive semantic and artistic ensembles initiated and paid for by private donors. The means of arranging such ensembles can be labeled indirect patronage which became an effective substitute of direct patronage to mendicant orders.
Iconography of Creation of the World of so-called “roman type” in 11th –13 th cent. Italy and in Northern Europe in many ways goes to lost frescoes of San Paolo Fuori le Mura (middle of 5th cent) and to several early-Christian traditions, including traditions of Genesis of Lord Cotton and Pentateuch of Ashburnham. By the example of iconographical changings of one detail of that pattern - personification of Light in the First day of Creation - the author outlines possible ways for restoring an appearance of the missing specimen and following iconographical borrowings from the earlier traditions. The article considers a question of sustainability for every part of “roman-type” composition – presence of glory radiance, its form and color, variations of attributes. The result of comparison of several images results in a conclusion about the mutual impact and replacement of two pairs of second-line elements in composition – the Light and Darkness and the Sun and Moon, being simultaneously being present in the so-called “roman-type” compositions.
The paper constitutes the second part of an attempt to sum up some of the main current problems of interpretation and translation of ancient texts written in the Old Chinese language of the 1st millennium B.C. (the first part was also published in «RSUH Bulletin» in 2012). The second part briefly analyzes the last of the key theoretical issues facing the researcher (the relationship between the «natural» and «artificial» components in the linguistic rules governing the construction of Old Chinese texts), the rest of the paper being given over to considerations of a methodological character on the possible future framework for an «ideal» dictionary of Old Chinese that would adequately reflect our current knowledge on this language and would be equally well adapted for the needs of the student and the qualified researcher alike.
The article analyses texts which have the tautological genre indicator 'legend' in their title. The texts are considered as the nucleus of the genre due to the author's explicit intention. the article points out the legend's steady features, typical of all the texts, and varialbe ones, not related to the legnd's formative attributes.