Особенности политической научной метафоры (на материале научной статьи А.Дж. Грегора «Корни революционной идеологии»)
The article deals with the metaphor as one of the means of personal knowledge representation in the scientific text on Political Studies which manifests itself in a unique scholar’s choice of source domains at different stages of cognition. The purpose of the research is to construct metaphorical models of personal knowledge represented in the scientific text on Political Studies and compare them with the ones of the mass media political discourse. The data for the analysis is the scientific article of the American political scientist A.J. Gregor “The roots of revolutionary ideology”. The methods of interpretation, modeling, conceptual and linguistic analyses allowed to identify conventional and original metaphors expressing the scientist’s unique conceptual view and build models of the original metaphors, represented in problem-stating and hypothetic, substantiating and deducing subtexts as well as of the whole author’s conception. The analysis of the metaphorical models revealed that the dominant models of the scientific article by A.J.Gregor are the models of NATURE, PRODUCTION, DEPENDENCE and VAGUENESS represented in all the subtexts of the scientific text. The analysis also revealed that there are submodels constituting the dominant ones. These are the models of PROPERTY, DWELLING, MECHANISM, DISEASE, DIVINE, and PART-WHOLE relevant to the author’s cognitive and communicative experience. The specificity of the research is the author’s model of conception built on the basis of the metaphorical models identified at all cognition stages. The model of the conception looks the following way: LURID LIGHT OF MARXISM MORAL – UNCERTAINTY OF MORAL – BIOLOGISM OF MORAL – RIGIDITY IN PHENOMENA BONDS – MORAL RIGIDITY CASTS SHADOW ON ХХc. Within the classification of the metaphorical models built by A.P. Tchudinov common for political mass media and scientific discourses are the ARTEFACT (DWELLING, MECHANISM, PRODUCTION and DEPENDENCE) AND ANTHROPOMORPHIC (HUMAN TRAITS and DISEASE) models. Specific to the analysed text are the models of PART-WHOLE, which correlate with the model of CONTAINER proposed by G.Lakoff, DIVINE and VAGUENESS, represented in the substantiating subtext and manifesting the scholar’s unique personal knowledge about Marxism.