Как высшее образование РФ становится прикладным бакалавриатом
Transition used to be seen as a unidirectional process: from plan to market, from public to private, from collective to individual. This research, on the contrary, focuses on the process of re-transition from over-marketization to a new form of state regulation in China's healthcare sector. Such process started in 2002 and included attempts to make provision of healthcare service a publicly funded industry. The new reform in China's healthcare sector is presented as a process of development of four medical insurance nets, namely UEBMI, NCMS, URBMI and BMI for migrant workers, and their subsequent integration into a universal coverage plan adopted in March 2009. It is demonstrated that after more than 20 years of marketization, Chinese leaders attempt to reengage with healthcare sector and make it effective instrument of state building.
Main objective of this aticle is to reveal the role of business reputation the problematic sociojuridical environment, in which Russian business operates today. Special attention is drawn to the estimation of the level of intensity of civilized business attributes (severity of aw compliance, business liabilities, ethics, etc.) in the features, according to which successful businessmen and managers identify companies with good business reputation today. Another important issue considered in the article is most typical types of business reputation in contemporary Russia.
The thirty-eighth issue of the collection includes two sections: "Theoretical Problems of Economics and Institutional Transformations", "Applied Problems and Practice of Institutional Reforms in Russia". They contain materials relevant to the economy of modern Russia
In the article the necessity of institutional changes on the way to sustainable ecological-economic development and the multidirectional nature of the process is proved. The authors offer the ways of forming effective institutional mechanism. And the features of institutional transformations in Russia are emphasized.
Over the recent years Russian audience has been leaving federal TV channels. At the same time, there is another trend showing the emergence of a large number of specialized niche channels. On the emerging market of specialized channels one can see a situation when there is no formal regulation of market agents’ activities that are fully developed and correspond market conditions. So far, public authorities and market agents make certain institutional compromise when sometimes formal rules can be partially ignored. So, we can expect some institutional changes in the nearest future.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.