Труд и занятость в цифровой экономике: проблемы российского рынка труда
The formation of a new technological paradigm called “Industry 4.0” and the economic structure contributes to the transformation of social reality, in which all spheres of life and behavior of people radically change. The new model of labor and employment by analogy was called “Work 4.0”, it is intensively developed in countries with advanced economies and contains new opportunities, but, at the same time, risks. New forms of labor, cooperation and exchange are developing, the Internet connects people with cars and things. Labor activity becomes transparent and is controlled from the outside. As the boundaries of innovation expand and the opportunities for education improve, the quality of labor resources grows, but the profile of the employee and the requirements put upon him are being changed. Work becomes autonomous and mobile, and the performance of labor functions is associated with the mastery of many competences, among which lifelong learning and digital literacy is given special importance in the digital age. In Russia, the process of transformation of mass labor and employment is much slower, research focuses only on a few so-called “atypical” forms of employment. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to analyze the prevalence of new aspects and facets of labor among Russian workers connected with mobility and digital technology. Here secondary data of the RLMS-HSE reveal the prevalence of the use of the Internet in the broad masses of dependent workers (at enterprises, in organizations), a professional profile of employees has been drawn up, and the specifics of their work activities are indicated at the present time. Unfortunately, in Russia both the degree of use of the Internet in performing professional responsibilities, and the development of skills, in comparison with the developed countries, is still at a rather insignificant level. The main goal is regular development of digital competencies for both current and future employees. Refs 22. Tables 5.
INTED is an annual meeting point for educators, researchers, and technology supported learning professionals. The main aim of INTED is to bring together educational experts under a common objective: to generate innovative ideas to be applied to education and to promote international cooperation and partnership.
The papers published in these proceedings are a sample of the huge number of sessions available at the conference. many themes are presented here: blended learning; technology enhanced learning; intelligent learning environments; university-industry collaboration;game-based learning; flipped learning; adult learning and ICT; lifelong and continous learnig; and many more. many parts of the globe are represented in these pages, and the work of newcomers to INTED appears alongside papers by wel-known experts.
With an increasing number of companies applying smart manufacturing (Industry 4.0) technologies, and therefore gathering records from multiple enterprise data sources, a potential for big data analytics (BDA) is seemingly limitless. Still not every firm that implemented smart manufacturing reports gathering or making use of big data emerging from those processes, let alone extracting value from them. This study investigates business value creation mechanisms from BDA in smart manufacturing. Relying on several use cases and project stories described in publicly available sources, we analyze key drivers, applications, barriers, success factors, and business benefits of BDA in smart manufacturing. We summarize our findings in a comprehensive framework capturing first- and second- order effects of BDA implementation on Industry 4.0 processes. Our work aims at contributing to the body of knowledge on BDA and smart manufacturing, and at guiding practitioners in identifying and assessing various application scenarios for those technologies.
It is generally known that software system development lifecycle (SSDL) should be managed adequately. The global economy crisis and subsequent depression have taught us certain lessons on the subject, which is so vital for digital transformation, for Industry 4.0. The paper presents the adaptive methodology of enterprise SSDL, which allows to avoid "local crises" while producing large-scale software. The methodology is based on extracting common ERP module level patterns and applying them to series of heterogeneous implementations. The approach includes a lifecycle model, which extends conventional spiral model by formal data representation/management models and DSL-based "low-level" CASE tools supporting the formalisms. The methodology has been successfully implemented as a series of portal-based ERP systems in ITERA oil-and-gas corporation, and in a number of trading/banking enterprise smart applications for other enterprises. Semantic network-based air traffic planning system, and a 6D-model-driven nuclear power plant construction support system are currently in progress.
The article deals with some ideas about lifelong learning strategies - the necessity to teach students to acquire, develop and update knowledge, skills and competences at different stages of their life and in different environments, the methods which can be applied to achieve it and the role of the teacher in this process.
This book presents the latest research perspectives on how the Industry 4.0 paradigm is challenging the process of technological and structural change and how the diversification of the economy affects structural transformation. It also explores the impact of fast-growing technologies on the transformation of socioeconomic and environmental systems, and asks whether structural and technological change can generate sustainable economic growth and employment. Further, the book presents the basic innovations (new technologies, materials, energy, etc) and industrial policies that can lead to such a structural change.
The paper presents a model of continuous profession-oriented learning in the electronic environment at organizational, technological and learning levels. The learning level involves the application of modern technologies in e-pedagogies. The educational process is being built on the bases of iterative analysis, competence assessment and individual trajectories of learning. The organizational level implies the formation of integrated knowledge space which unites community of teachers from various higher educational institutions, research organizations and business enterprises within the system of academic knowledge management. At the technological level the members and partners of the integrated knowledge space are provided with appropriate instruments within the framework of social networks to develop educational and methodological materials, to search, to capture, to accumulate and to systematize knowledge with respect to the competence model’s requirements based on ontology method. The model aims at developing the methodology for creating and maintaining the intelligence systems to generate comprehensive competences. It enables the education institutions to effectively solve the problem of enhancing the education quality and assurance to meet the requirements of the business innovative development in knowledge society.
In 2015-2016 the Department of Communication, Media and Design of the National Research University “Higher School of Economics” in collaboration with non-profit organization ROCIT conducted research aimed to construct the Index of Digital Literacy in Russian Regions. This research was the priority and remain unmatched for the momentIn 2015-2016 the Department of Communication, Media and Design of the National Research University “Higher School of Economics” in collaboration with non-profit organization ROCIT conducted research aimed to construct the Index of Digital Literacy in Russian Regions. This research was the priority and remain unmatched for the moment
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.