Свободное время в русской художественной культуре XX - XXI вв.
The introductory article opens the publication of essays written by the participants of the conference “Free Time in Russian Aesthetic Culture of XX-XXI centuries”. The article designates the most essential problems represented in the papers of researchers who took part in the conference. In addition it describes thematically the essays collected within the framework of publication of the conference's materials.
Youth are, by definition, the future. This book brings initial analyses to bear on youth in the five BRICS countries: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, which are home to nearly half of the world's youth. Very little is known about these youth outside of their own countries since the mainstream views on "youth" and "youth culture" are derived from the available literature on youth in the industrialized West, which is home to a small part of the world's youth. This book aims to help fill in this gap.
The handbook examines the state of youth, their past, present and permits the development of insights about future. The BRICS countries have all engaged in development processes and some remarkable improvements in young people's lives over recent decades are documented. However, the chapters also show that these gains can be undermined by instabilities, poor decisions and external factors in those countries. Periods of economic growth, political progress, cultural opening up and subsequent reversals rearticulate differently in each society. The future of youth is sharply impacted by recent transformations of economic, political and social realities. As new opportunities emerge and the influence of tradition on youth's lifestyles weakens and as their norms and values change, the youth enter into conflict with dominant expectations and power structures.
The topics covered in the book include politics, education, health, employment, leisure, Internet, identities, inequalities and demographics. The chapters provide original insights into the development of the BRICS countries, and place the varied mechanisms of youth development in context. This handbook serves as a reference to those who are interested in having a better understanding of today's youth. Readers will become acquainted with many issues that are faced today by young people and understand that through fertile dialogues and cooperation, youth can play a role in shaping the future of the world.
In the study of lifestyle, experts appeal to different aspects of life. By “lifestyle,” some people understand only consumer practices, others focus their attention on civic and political activity, and others depict it through objective characteristics of employment, education, and welfare. Considering the existing approaches, here we present a description of the lifestyle in big cities of Russia, using data from various sources – from official statistics to sample household surveys to present a picture in detail. Special attention is paid to the cases of the two federal cities – Moscow and St. Petersburg, as the most striking examples of the formation of a special urban lifestyle in contemporary Russia.
This article examines special features of pleasure gardens (amusement parks) in the late imperial Russia and demonstrates them as sociocultural phenomena. The author attempts to broaden the horizon of the urban leisure studies by addressing to the experience of amusement parks and urban history studies gained by the foreign colleagues. Pleasure gardens appeared to be remarkable phenomena in the urban space of the late imperial Russia in both, a province and capital cities. They managed to become the fin-de-siècle translators of the developing mass culture and were also a place where high culture met the low. The author stresses the significant contribution of the pleasure gardens into the leveling of the audience tastes and into the leisure democratization.
The paper observes the main patterns of youth consumption and leisure in contemporary Russia. It relies on the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey of HSE, a set of nationally representative household-based surveys which includes data collected from 1994 to 2013. The data shows that by 2010 the level of youth consumption has risen along with the households’ overall income and expenditure. The alleviation of financial problems prompted the redistribution of time between work and leisure, so youth turned to the active cultural consumption, including non-entertainment services. However, the total increase in products and services consumed went hand in hand with the rise of differentiation in the availability of durables, patterns of consumption and leisure practices.
This paper focuses on the structure of public leisure practices in Russia. The interest to this topic is based on the idea that lifestyle can reflect the social structure of society. The sphere of public leisure activities is assumed to be the field of symbolic inequality where the stratification system is manifested. Existing literature indicates three different approaches to describe the structure of leisure. At the same time, the majority of the studies are focused on one particular form of leisure such as cultural consumption, sports, or gastronomic preferences, while neglecting the structure of leisure activities on the whole. Furthermore, the results of the analysis of the impact of social determinants vary depending on the social context. On this premise, the aim of this study is to reveal the structure of public leisure practices in Russia, together with the effect of the social features on it. The research is based on the data delivered by Public opinion Foundation. Using latent class analysis and multinomial logistic regression, five repertoires of leisure activities were found as well as the effects of income, education, age, and the region of living were revealed.
TV series have become one of the main types of modern leisure. However, "quality television" modifies the very form of the series. Expensive serial production to justify the costs of the creators and maintain the interest of the audience with the need becomes included in the functioning patterns of new media. The article shows that in the world of cultural overproduction successful TV series must be transformed into transmedia phenomena in order to exist. Their traditional form, which is usually compared with the classic bourgeois novels of the XIX century, is uncompetitive outside the inclusion of content consumers in advertising production. Thus, the modern TV series market becomes a part of digital capitalism. If the classical critical theory raised the question of the possibility of autonomy of a work of art, then in the critical theory of the Internet this problem should be clarified. The author on the material of the series "Game of Thrones" demonstrates what features have determined the possibility of involvement in the advertising campaign of consumers, and how the capitalist logic of digital capitalism has changed the artistic content of the work. The final season of the series demonstrates the loss of autonomy of the creators over their work, on the one hand, due to external capitalist reasons. However, the consumer himself, involved in the production of not only the accompanying content for the series, but, ultimately, increasingly forming the demand for plot twists, changes the final product in such a way that it cannot match the originally set standards of quality and innovation.
The paper observes the main patterns of youth consumption and leisure in contemporary Russia. It relies on the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey of HSE, a set of nationally representative household-based surveys which includes data collected from 1994 to 2013. The data shows that by 2010 the level of youth consumption has risen along with the households’ overall income and expenditure. Since financial problems were alleviated, there was a redistribution of time between work and leisure, so youth turned to the active cultural consumption, including non-entertainment services. However, the total increase in products and services consumed went hand in hand with the rise of differentiation in the availability of durables, patterns of consumption and leisure practices.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.