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Article

Удовлетворенность различными аспектами работы мужчин и женщин в России

The paper aims at revealing gender differences in the level of satisfaction with different aspects of job in Russia. The research is based upon the analysis of two waves of "Complex observation of living conditions in Russia" conducted by the Russian Federal State Statistics Service in 2011 and 2014. It is shown that during the period of three years the level of job satisfaction for both men and women increased in Russia. Men turned out to be more satisfied with wage, whereas women are happier with other job characteristics such as job security, job content, working hours, working conditions, and distance from home to work. In other words, gender paradox is present in Russia, as other things being equal, women in Russia are more satisfied with work than man. Generally the described gender differences are stable when taking into account age, education and type of contract of the employees. However, the largest gender differences in job satisfaction were found for the middle-aged, especially for the belonging to 36-45 age group, whereas for the group above 55 years the gender gap is less. Gender differences are significant for all educational groups, but they become slightly weaker for people with higher education. Compared with employees with permanent and temporary contract, workers without written contract demonstrate larger gender differences in satisfaction with various job aspects. At the same time, gender differences in wage satisfaction for workers without written contract disappear.