Политические машины и политический клиентелизм в российских регионах
Политическая наука. 2017. № 4. С. 61-84.
The article is dedicated to the foundations of electoral clientelism employed by the regional machines in Russia. The author uses qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) in order to analyze the data from 25 regional campaigns in 2015 generated by the PEI expert survey. The degree of clientelism by the Russian regional machines can be explained by the availability of controlled voters’ constituencies. At the same time clientelism resulted from a low infrastructural capacity and inability to prevent electoral competition by the administrative means.
Фундамент «вертикали»: выборы и распределение межбюджетных трансфертов на местном уровне (Случаи Новгородской области и Пермского края)
, , Полития: Анализ. Хроника. Прогноз 2019 № 2 С. 151-167
Abstract. Over the last fifteen years municipalities in Russia have lost a significant part of their financial autonomy: the average share of transfers from regional budgets to municipal budgets has doubled. Simultaneously, mu- nicipalities have lost their political autonomy from the regional authorities. The article is dedicated to finding answers to such questions as whether the ...
Added: September 2, 2019
Измерение выборов при электоральном авторитаризме: индекс диспропорциональности для российских выборов
, Политическая экспертиза: ПОЛИТЭКС 2015 Т. 11 № 4 С. 198-207
Disproportionality index measures a deviation of an electoral outcome from the voters' choice. It is measured usually through the deviation of the number of allocated seats from the vote shares. The article presents an alternative way to measure a degree of disproportionality under the electoral authoritarianism. The disproportionality index takes into account indirect effect to ...
Added: May 1, 2015
, Post-Soviet Affairs 2013 Vol. 29 No. 2 P. 101-135
A political scientist examines how regional elites shape the electoral fortunes of Russia’s hegemonic party, United Russia (UR). Using original data on regional legislative elections from 2003 to 2011, we show that UR performs better in those regions where regional governors control strong political machines. Russia’s leadership undercut its own electoral strategy by replacing popular elected ...
Added: June 7, 2013
М. : РОССПЭН, 2016
Издание представляет собой публикацию перевода научных статей и отрывков монографий ведущих исследователей клиентелизма и патронажа. В хрестоматии собраны междисциплинарные тексты по различным дисциплинам - истории, политологии, социологии, антропологии. Хрестоматия будет полезна и интересна специалистам в социальных и гуманитарных науках, в особенности преподавателям и студентам, а также и широкому кругу читателей, которых волнуют темы патрон-клиентских отношений кумовства, клановости, ...
Added: October 19, 2017
Трансформация регионального политического режима в Московской области: муниципальная реформа и ее влияние на электоральный процесс
, , , Вестник Пермского университета. Серия: Политология 2019 Т. 13 № 1 С. 33-46
The article analyzes the transformation of the regional political regime in Moscow Oblast from the decentralized type to the centralized one. Centralized subnational authoritarianism is understood as the implementation of the federal center policy to incorporate regional and local elites into the system of national electoral authoritarianism. The authors examine the institutional context of transformations: the reform of ...
Added: April 16, 2019
Кто и как оценивает выборы в России: источники смещения оценок на материале экспертного опроса качества региональных выборов 13 сентября 2015 года в России1
, Мир России: Социология, этнология 2018
The evaluating method is based on experts surveys is quite common in contemporary comparative studies. However how reliable and valid are the results of such surveys obtained under the conditions of a) the politicization of the subject of research (the problem of sensitivity), b) the political regime, characterized by experts as "electoral authoritarianism" and c) ...
Added: October 10, 2017
, Russian Politics 2019 Vol. 4 No. 1 P. 76-111
The regional machines created by the Russian governors in the mid-1990s turned out to be most effective in the ethnic republics. This phenomenon is supported by several facts, with the primary as follows: the density of the patronage networks among the rural ethnic minorities, and the economic heritage of the Soviet period and ethnical institutionalization. These factors allowed regional ...
Added: February 20, 2020
United Russia’s Primaries and the Strength of Political Machines in the Regions of Russia: Evidence from the 2016 Duma Elections
, , Europe-Asia Studies 2019 Vol. 71 No. 5 P. 824-839
The primary elections of United Russia party serve as a tool for party organization and voter mobilization. In the run-up to the 2016 national legislative elections, the strength of United Russia’s regional political machines was tested in a massive campaign of intra-party elections. This study traces the history United Russia’s primaries in 2007-2011, which allows ...
Added: October 8, 2018
Microfoundations of Electoral Clientelism: Values and Institutional Legacies in Post-Communist Regimes
, , Europe-Asia Studies 2017
Added: October 23, 2016
, Антиномии 2016 № 2
A ruling group is stimulated to stabilize a country by autocratic institute’s elite cooptation. [Magaloni B. 2008: 716]. Elite cooptation is a incorporation elite of lower level of the hierarchy [Magaloni, 2006: 6] or potential rebels [Gandhi and Przeworski, 2007: 1282] to establishment. A cooptation institutes establishment divide opposition and increase potential rival`s coordination costs ...
Added: February 16, 2016
Трансформация электорального поведения россиян в условиях изменения избирательного законодательства в 2000-х гг.
, Проблемный анализ и государственно-управленческое проектирование 2015 № 2 С. 96-109
Th is article examines the transformation of the determinants of electoral behavior in the elections for the regional executive and legislative power until 2013. Th e author comes to the conclusion that the instrumental model of the explanations of electoral behavior in the elections for the Legislative Assembly is not functional in the analysis of ...
Added: March 23, 2015
, , , Полития: Анализ. Хроника. Прогноз 2020 № 1 С. 154-183
Одним из основных трендов последних десятилетий в западных демократиях стало появление новых политических игроков, артикулирующих меняющиеся запросы общества (популисты, националисты, евроскептики, феминистки, экологические движения и др.). Оформляясь в партии, эти игроки бросают вызов существующей партийной системе, что делает ее более волатильной. Авторы представленного в статье исследования сосредоточили свое внимание на динамике национализации партийных систем как одной из составляющих волатильности, отражающей ...
Added: April 23, 2020
, Вестник Томского государственного университета. История 2023 № 82 С. 142-150
This article is devoted to the influence of the ever-increasing importance of measures to protect the environment and combat climate change in the political course of the European Union and Germany on the transformation of the main German national political parties (the Christian Democratic Union of Germany and the Christian Social Union in Bavaria, the ...
Added: April 12, 2023
Влияние экологической повестки на участие европейских партий в выборах в Европейский парламент 2019 г.
, Вестник Дипломатической академии МИД России. Россия и мир 2022 № 4 (34) С. 202-218
This article is devoted to the evolution of the environmental agenda of the European Union and its influence on the transformation of the main European political parties, as well as the reflection of these changes in the course and results of the European election campaign in 2019. According to the EU’s leadership ambitions in protecting ...
Added: December 8, 2022
“Раздельное голосование” на федеральных парламентских выборах в России (на примере Государственной Думы VII созыва)
, Полис. Политические исследования 2023 № 3 С. 114-131
The article is devoted to split-ticket voting in the 2016 State Duma elections. After the re-introducing of the mixed electoral system, voting for both the list of the party A and a candidate nominated by the party B appears to be popular among the electorates. This fact contradicts the conventional wisdom that institutionalized party systems ...
Added: December 11, 2022
, , Russian Politics 2022 Vol. 7 No. 2 P. 183-209
This paper explores the impact of vote mobilization and economic performance on gubernatorial appointments in Russia. Previous research has demonstrated that governors are more likely to be reappointed when the regime is performing well at the polls in the region. By contrast, there is inconsistent evidence that regional economic performance affects a governor’s reappointment chances. ...
Added: July 24, 2022
Why Are There so Many or so Few Parties? Factors of Party System Fragmentation in the Russian Regions
, Problems of Post-Communism 2018 Vol. 65 No. 4 P. 233-242
Prior to the 2002 electoral reform, political parties in Russia’s regional legislative elections showed poor performance. Since December 2003, however, all regions have been obliged to elect no less than half of the members of their assemblies by proportional representation. As a result, party competition at the sub-national level became unavoidable. This study tests three ...
Added: October 18, 2016
, Информационное общество 2017 № 1 С. 36-40
The article discusses the strategy for covering the election campaign in mass media from the point of view of their impact on electoral interest. The subject of the article are electoral processes in Russia and United States of America in 2016. Based on the studies conducted on materials of news and public-political programs of federal ...
Added: September 16, 2018
, , Executive Branch and Major Electoral Reforms in Russia / Высшая школа экономики. Series PS "Political Science". 2015. No. 31.
Within the period of 1993-2014 Russia experienced four major electoral reforms: in 1993, 2002, 2005 and 2014. One more attempt to change the Russian electoral system initiated by the president in 1994-1995 failed. This article considers the cases of major electoral reforms in Russia through the veto player theory. It demonstrates that the reforms were ...
Added: December 22, 2015
, Профиль 2020 № 5 С. 23-25
The German party Alliance 90/The Greens claims to be the informal leader of the global environmental movement. Having emerged in the late 1970s and early 1980s as a leftist movement of radical ecologists, the Greens have long become an organic part of the mainstream, while maintaining a fleur of frontder integrity. In Germany, the "green" agenda largely ...
Added: March 9, 2020
, Journal of Politics 2012 No. 74(2) P. 1023-1037
Elections are among the most important and least understood institutions in contemporary authoritarian regimes. Theoretically, electoral authoritarian regimes should have an informational advantage that makes them more robust than other types of authoritarian regimes, but much empirical evidence suggests otherwise. In this article we offer a new perspective on why this might be the case. ...
Added: December 31, 2012
, , Presidential Elections 2018: The Struggle of Putin and Navalny for a Media Agenda / Высшая школа экономики. Series PS "Political Science". 2018. No. WP BRP 62/PS/2018.
The study analyzes the construction of the network links of Vladimir Putin and Alexei Navalny with various issues of Russian public discussion in the national print media. The theoretical framework is issue ownership theory, according to which political actors have a range of issues that are most strongly associated with them. Ownership by the politician ...
Added: May 17, 2018
, The Rise and Fall of Local Self-Government: The Case of Petrozavodsk / Высшая школа экономики. Series PS "Political Science". 2016. No. 37.
On September 8, 2013 the mayoral election was held in Petrozavodsk, the capital city of the Republic of Karelia. An independent candidate Galina Shirshina gained success in this contest. On December 25, 2015 Shirshina was dismissed by the Petrozavodsk City Councillors. Her misgovernment of the city’s public sector was the official explanation for her dismissal. ...
Added: September 5, 2016
, ИМЭМО РАН - Спецрубрики - Выборы в Германии 2021 2021 С. 1-1
In Germany, after a year of political calm, exacerbated by COVID-19, 2021 will be a political super-year. If in 2020 there were no elections in Germany at any level of government (even the congress of the CDU party, at which the new chairman of the Christian Democrats was elected, was postponed to January 2021), then ...
Added: October 27, 2021