Что ограничивает децентрализацию на российских фирмах?
The paper investigates the influence of institutional factors on decentralization of decision-making at Russian firms. Decentralization is important for firms’ growth and development. While in the absence of decentralization a firm’s growth opportunities are limited by time and abilities of its CEO, decentralization opens doors for quicker decision-making on a larger range of questions, that creates room for the firm’s growth. However, decentralization is associated with agency risks and risks of information leakage. Weak judicial system, high corruption, and low level of trust increase risks associated with decentralization and, therefore, can significantly limit firms’ opportunities for decentralization. In this paper the author empirically explores the influence of corruption, quality of court system and trust on decentralization of decisionmaking at Russian firms in Russian regions. The empirical analysis presented in the paper demonstrates the important limiting influence of corruption on decentralization of decision-making at Russian firms. In the regions with higher corruption firms are less likely to decentralize and more likely to choose a management model with centralized decision-making and selection of people for top positions through connections. At the same time, the presented analysis does not reveal any significant influence of the court system’s quality or the level of trust in the Russian regions on the probability of decentralization at Russian firms.
The author offers an analysis of the Russian market theses services.
The purpose of the current research is to provide empirical evidence for the relations between macroeconomic, political and legislative factors and grassroots corruption in Russia. The dominating goal of the research is to analyze the dynamics of factors, that create incentives for passive bribery at individual level and to reveal if there are structural breaks in the model related to the changes in anticorruption laws. Empirical part of the research is mainly based on the data of the "Russia Longitudinal Monitoring survey, RLMS-HSE”-2006.
The publication includes articles related to International scientific and practical conference dedicated to the interaction of the ruling elite and the systemic opposition in modern Russia and abroad, which was held in the Volga Institute of Management named after PA Stolypin (Saratov), 5-6 September 2012
In this study, for the first time in Russian practice from a large amount of empirical data on state contracts for procurement of goods, works and services, made a major budgetary organization during 2008-2010., Examines factors affecting the decline in trading, delays in supplies, as well as problems in the performance of obligations under the contracts. The analysis showed that a reduction prices at the auctions directly dependent on the number of applications accepted for review by the competitive commissions. Falling prices are more frequent in the procurement of goods and experimental trust (compared to the benefits of the inspection), as well as a state contract for works. However, the prices are much less likely to have been lowered in auctions (compared to purchasing through quotations and tenders). Delays in supplies occurred in 27% of patients and were more frequent in the procurement of experimental benefits, and were characterized for major purchases and state contracts executed during the I-III quarters of the year. More serious problems in the performance of obligations, full fraught with supply disruptions, have characterized the state contracts, culminating in the IV quarter. The overall risk supply disruptions were reported only 5% of purchases at competitive procedures, but on the contracts accounted for nearly half of all purchases of the budget organization in 2008-2010. Based on the analysis in the formulation of recommendations to improve the system of public procurement.
The chapter of the book systematically examine various effects of resource curse in such arenas as rule of law and property rights in Russia in comparison with the other oil-and-gas exporting countries beginning from the XXI century.
The idea of ligalization of bribe giving for certain types of bribes was expressed by K. Basu in 2011 and got a name Basu proposal. In this paper we discuss effects that can be caused by the direct implementation of this proposal. Our game-theoretic model shows that while legalisation of certain bribe-giving occurances can lead to some positive consequences, it is not always a good idea to return bribe to the bribe-giver as suggested by Basu. The chance to get the paid bribe back increases the amount of bribes that end up in corrupt officials' pockets.