Monitoring the Performance of Educational Institutions: A Spur for the Implementation of Systemic Changes in Higher Education. Part One
The article discusses the deployment of a comprehensive reporting and monitoring framework used to evaluate the performance of state and private higher education institutions in Russia. By referring to diversified indicators including organizational, financial and economic, training, research, graduate employment, and other metrics, the authors spotlight key developments taking place in the Russian higher education system as well as areas where reorganization/optimization measures are required.
ABSTRACT: The article tracks the evolution of discourses and languages of university history writing in the pre-Soviet era (1755–1917). Vishlenkova explores the objectives of authors who wrote history on commission from the Russian government or administration. The article discusses the state of university archives and describes the analytical tools of university historians and the responses of contemporaries to the histories created by these authors. Despite a radical change in the historical-cultural context, nearly all discourses that emerged in the nineteenth century survive to this day. Moreover, they offer a historical basis for reforming the higher educational system.
The author of the article impugns the efficiency of consideration of productivity of activity of higher schools (universities) as a criterion of their development which is connected with the polysemy of understanding of the given term, the multi-purpose nature of the organization and the distinction of the subjects of the estimation of its efficiency. Simultaneously he believes that as the problem of development of science is assigned to universities in modern Russia it is necessary for the state as the only customer of preparation of scientists to show universities this order accurately and to give full state financing.
The article is devoted to the analysis on the Russian higher education monitoring system. It describes the rules of the monitoring and main characteristics of higher education system which are evaluated by monitoring’s indicators. It also considers indicators that are used in foreign education monitoring systems to describe the same characteristics of higher education. The author gives proposals on using additional indicators for more complete description of the characteristics of higher education considered in Russian monitoring.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management