Включенность молодых ученых в международное сообщество: инструмент профессионального развития «на родине» или стимул к внешней мобильности?
The study reveals the essence of the involvement of Russian science in the world scientific community in terms of transition state and explores the degrees of involvement that help better understand its nature. The article analyses the specifics of scientific life, as well as its aspect related to the international communication; the author describes the specific features of the Russian scientific community that has led to problematisation. The author presents an alternative vision of the topic; this vision is not aimed at the problematisation, but at different circumstances it was caused by.
The objective of this book is to develop the sustainable and lasting skills of translator's competence and to build up translation categorial strategy.
The paper contains attempt to develop theory which try to explain – in the Post Keynesian “spirit” – why can stagflation be inherent in the modern market advanced economy. The treatment of such economy as the “inside money economy” is very important. The author shows that stagflation is the inevitable feature of any recession in the inside money economy, when price-controlling firms try to avoid immediately the bankruptcies in the conditions of a “debt crisis", higher and/or rising interest rates and decrease in the aggregate demand. In other words, a recession in such economy is always a stagflation. The paper also shows that cyclical expansion together with redemption of debts by some firms and the bankruptcies of other firms can deliver the economy from stagflation, but only until the beginning of a next recession. All this reasoning can be very important in the current period of the 2007 – 2012 Global Financial Crisis.
This volume develops a pragmatic approach to the engagement of highly skilled members of the diaspora for the benefit of their countries of origin. The book is based on empirical work in middle-income economies such as those in Argentina, Mexico, and Russia, as well as in high-income countries such as South Korea, Ireland, and the United Kingdom.
Books Item - study of the reaction of the academic sosobschestva the First World War events
This paper analyzes international high-skilled migration caused by financial frictions in educational market. I develop a model of learning in which acquisition of skill is only possible through personal interaction with a skilled individual; the income of the skilled is sensitive to financial constraints for the unskilled. Cross-country differences in such constraints have a multiplicative effect on the skill premium, causing outmigration of skilled individuals from a less developed country. I study welfare implications of such brain drain for the sending and receiving countries. Although it makes more difficult skill acquisition in the sending country, the unskilled may still be better off: increased cost of skill acquisition is offset by higher income once the skill has been acquired. For the receiving country, I identify a phenomenon of immiserizing immigration: a depletion of the stock of skill in the sending country due to brain drain hinders further production of skill, which may hurt the receiving country. Additionally, I find that increased openness of the sending country to migration and the resultant accelerated brain drain increase the incentives of the country government to reduce financial frictions.
Chapter 8 focuses on the Russian diaspora and uses the online survey and face-to-face interviews as an empirical data source. The study concludes that Russian emigrants are less engaged in their home country development that their Argentinean or Mexican counterparts. But this gap is not as large as it seems given the much stronger engagement with the home country of the foreign institutions at which Russian emigrants work, and the high intensity of business visits in spite of distance and costs. Membership in international networks and receptiveness of the local businesses to change drive linkages more than other factors. Individual risk-taking is strongly associated with linkages. Counterintuitively, Russia displays the widest variety of diaspora success stories, more so than the more advanced South Korean economy.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.