“Elias Geveri of Damascus” in Russian Studies of Church History: A Witness to the Two-Finger Sign of the Cross in a Medieval Treatise on Denominations of Syrian Christianity
In studies of the history of the Old Believers movement, written by Russian historians, one frequently comes across references to the medieval treatise by “Elias Geveri, the Nestorian Metropolitan,” that contains a testimony to the two-ﬁnger sign of the cross current in his time among the Melkites. The treatise is known in two recensions, only one of which belongs to “Elias Geveri” (i.e. al-Ǧawharī), while the other, probably the original one, is attributed to ‘Alī ibn Dāwūd al-Arfādī. This article offers a critical study of the source on which these references are based and surveys its textual history with a view to deﬁning its role in Russian studies of Church history.