Перфекционизм в преподавании и изучении иностранных языков
Perfectionism as a psychological phenomenon has been researched quite extensively in recent years, both in Russia and abroad. However, the impact of perfectionism on the teaching/learning process, particularly foreign language teaching and learning, is still far from being an object of systematic theoretical study in this country. In view of the above, the article is aimed, firstly, at systematizing Russian research findings in this field; secondly, at providing an overview of recent international research on perfectionism and its effects on teaching/learning in general; thirdly, at analyzing literature on how perfectionism affects the process of foreign language teaching/learning, with particular reference to the concept of foreign language anxiety (FLA) and the relationship between FLA and maladaptive perfectionism. The article emphasizes the fact that a statistically significant negative correlation was observed between learner perfectionism and certain linguistic skills, thus proving that maladaptive perfectionism and, consequently, FLA contribute substantially to reducing the efficiency of foreign language learning. In view of the research findings outlined above, the article pays particular attention to summarizing the recommendations provided by a number of authors as to how the destructive influence of maladaptive perfectionism on foreign language teaching/learning can be minimized.