Экономическое состояние Московского государства в первые годы царствования Михаила Фёдоровича (по материалам приказа Владимирской четверти)
The story is about reception of Varangian legend in Russian Early Modern, especially during the Time of Troubles
The review is on the publication of Polish-Language acts concerning Muscovite Time of Troubles in Swedish State Archives (Extranea Collection). Publishing acts onle in translation, with cuts is more relevant to the publication culture of 19, not 21 century
The article deal with the issue of relations between Swedish administration (General De la Gardie) and Novgorod society in 1611-1617. The plot of the study is the evolution of the regime – from alliance (1612-1612) to occupation (since late 1614 – 1617).
Jn the basis of a large historical material the history of everylay life of Russian Tsars from the House of Romanov is stated.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.