Особенности самоопределения на различных этапах профессионального развития
The characteristics of self-determination process at different stages of professional development are analyzed. As the indicators of self-determination features we considered value-motivational complex and the type of professional identity. In general, the dynamics of professional development correlates with age, length of work and career development. It is shown that the self-determination processes are nonlinear associated with the stages of professional development: the highest level of intrinsic motivation is observed at the stage of Internal, not a Mentor; the hypothesis of dominance of the reached type of identity at the higher stages of professional development wasn’t confirmed. At the same time, it was found that people in the "Mentor" and "Authority" stages had the status of a pseudoidentity, and at the "Master" stage the status of a diffuse identity, which is inconsistent with the theoretical model and may indicate the negative trends in personal and professional development. The achieved positive identity does not dominate at any stage. Values of assertion are most pronounced at the early stages of professional development; however, their significance is also increased at the stage of "Mentor". The hypothesis of the predominance of the value of professional self-realization in the higher stages of professional development has not been confirmed. The conclusion is made that it is necessary to modify the typology of stages of professional development in accordance with the specifics of professionalization in the modern world, and that it is necessary to study the factors of professional deformation in the late stages of professional development. The results can be used in vocational guidance and career counseling, as well as in the preparation of personnel evaluation programs.