"В состоянии войны": борьба с терроризмом в Северном Синае
Analyzing the current situation in the “troubled” Arab region, were tensions are still burning and smoldering, it is safe to say that the events of the “Arab Spring” helped to strengthen the position of radical Islam. Dense network of radical, extremist and criminal and terrorist organizations have intensified its activities on the territory of several countries in the Middle East and North Africa. These organizations are now a major threat to international security and stability. The author considers the problem of the growth of terrorist activity in the north of Sinai Peninsula and the measures taken to combat it.
The article touches approach of the modern Islamic legal thought to the Islamic state and caliphate. The author explains the fundamental principles if Islamic concept of the power (caliphate) and points out that this concept was gradually deviating from real political practice. The caliphate itself remained as a political institution till the collapse of the Ottoman Empire after the World War I. After emergence of Islamic State of Iraq and Levant (ISIL) the caliphate converted to concrete political project. In June 2014 ISIL which changed its name to become “Islamic State” (IS) declared creation of caliphate. In practice the Shariat implementation in IS comes to mass killings, forcing nonmuslims to adopt Islam, interference into internal life of Muslim states and terror attacks. The modern Islamic legal thought criticizes IS severely stressing on its violence of religious postulates and Shariat provisions.
The chapter explores international peace and security as the most important global public goods, given their role in creating conditions for sustainable development. The authors take stock of the key problems and contradictions of safeguarding international peace and security and examines the history and future prospects of the EU’s CFSP.
After the beginning of the Arab Spring in 2011, explosive global growth was observed for the majority of indicators of sociopolitical destabilization in all parts of the World System. In order to identify the structure of this destabilization wave, we apply a series of statistical techniques such as trend analysis and t-tests to study the degrees of intensification of various instability indicators (as recorded by the Cross-National Time Series database). We reveal explosive global growth in anti-government demonstrations, riots, general strikes, terrorist attacks/guerrilla warfare and purges, as well as in the global integral index of sociopolitical destabilization. On the other hand, no statistically significant growth has been detected for assassinations and major government crises, whereas for such an important indicator of global sociopolitical destabilization, as the global number of coups and coup attempts, we find a statistically significant decrease.
The paper takes stock of NATO-Russia relations in the post-Soviet period and outlines the prospects for cooperation between them in future. NATO’s framework is seen as a very important mechanism for engaging Russia in an international dialogue. The authors conclude that for Russia, which prefers Realpolitik and the balance of power to the new liberal and postmodern policies, it is sometimes easier to deal with security-minded NATO than with the “post-heroic” EU.
The article deals with results of the scientific seminar on "Legal Aspects of the BRICS", held in St. Petersburg with the participation of law professors from universities in the BRICS countries. They are represented in the collection of articles with the same title. The author presents the conclusion about the necessity of comparative studies of legal systems of the BRICS countries for the successful cooperation in the framework of the BRICS group, notes the potential of a harmonization of the legal regulation of all spheres of cooperation, besides of the use of the international law.