Лексико-грамматический распределительный тест по РКИ: опыт создания, апробации и психометрического анализа
The paper describes the experience of development, validation and psychometric analysis of Russian as foreign language placement test (grammar and vocabulary part). The aim of the study was to measure the validity of the placement test, which was designed strictly according to the standards of Russian as a foreign language proficiency levels. During the psychometric analysis such parameters as difficulty, dimensionality, reliability and separation index were examined. As a result, the ways of improving test validity were suggested.
In this article we look at the various quality criteria in relation to data, obtained in qualitative research . For this pourpose we are involved in theoretical and methodological discussion about strategies used qualitative methods. But the "quality" of qualitative research is unlikely to be included in the category of a priori rules. Certain principles can help improve the quality and credibility of qualitative research, while the agreement with them is not a guarantee of their quality.
This article reports on the results of development of human mental abilities measurement method based on the stated theoretical positions. Such positions are represented by the following: the thesis formulated by M.I. Sechenov that a thought is generated in the process of establishing a connection between the object and its properties; the definition of thinking given by S.L. Rubinstein who wrote that in the process of solving a problem the object manifests its new properties and qualities, it shows a new side, a new content is "bailed out" of it, as well as the thesis about mental development of abilities formulated by V.D. Shadrikov.
A description of the nationally oriented training complex for learning Russian as a foreign language “V Dobryi Put’!” for German speakers which includes a textbook, an audio‑supplement, a video‑film and a test system is given. The computer-based training system, designed for this complex ensures effective teaching foreign students Russian phonetics, vocabulary, grammar, speech etiquette, and also facilitates the formation of the necessary communication skills.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.