Инфраструктура для преодоления трансляционного барьера в инновационной экосистеме Нижегородской области
This article proposes a model of the infrastructure to overcome the translational barrier that arises between the participants in the innovation process, both at the level of the Nizhny Novgorod regional innovation system and at the level of implementation of a specific innovation project. The article substanciates urgency and proposes algorithm of creation and functioning of the Association of Innovative Enterprises of the Nizhny Novgorod Region, the Arbitration Court and the Mediation Body, specializing in resolving disputes arising in the course of innovation and venture investment
The collection reflects the discussion of the bill on mediation in labour disputes recently proposed in Turkey. The discussion was organised in the form of an international conference held by the Turkish Association of Labour Law and Social Security Law and the Turkish Confederation of Employers Associations.
The article is dedicated to one of the alternative means of resolving disputes - mediation in administrative disputes. The author analyzes the history and achievements of the international and Russian legislation and discuss the feasibility of the use of mediation in the field of Russian administrative law.
In the basis of book lies the dialectical description of the judicial system as a purposeful system having a complex hierarchy and rules of functioning, which is in continuous interaction of its internal elements and external factors of influence, including other branches of government, therefore structural changes of the judicial system in itself, as well as its competence and the quality of justice in general are observed. Consideration by the author of judicial system as an integrated dynamic system allows to reveal a number of regularities in its cyclical development. Society, as it is known, develops in a spiral. Exactly this model of evolution in philosophy arose as a result of the interaction of the three laws of dialectics: the unity and conflict of opposites, the transition of quantitative changes into qualitative, and the negation of negation. The court as a mirror of society repeats the convolutions of its development. The line forming a spiral is the hierarchy of the judicial system. At the same time this line, as the spiral of lower order, represents the unification and differentiation of judges’ specialization in consideration and resolution of cases, in jurisdiction and official knowledge of controversies, as well as the centralization and decentralization of judicial control, and as a consequence, the redistribution of powers between the judicial instances (appeal, cassation, supervision). Reduction or increase in number of judicial instances occurs simultaneously with the change of the administrative-territorial division of the state, and principles of government, the population size, and hence the number of cases coming to court. Depending on what authority (judicial or non- judicial) heads the judicial system and carries out check of the court decisions, there is the correction of its principles and procedures. The domestic judicial system, having passed some cycles, recently passed the bifurcation point and again is in an unstable state. Evidence of this is the merger of higher judiciary in the system of arbitration courts and courts of general jurisdiction, despite the fact that this task was not included in the Federal target program for development of the judicial system until 2020. Complex study of factors influencing the judicial system will allow us to comprehend the global processes in society and the state – as being fundamentals in forming the structure of the judicial system and principles of its functioning. Such researches are useful for fledged understanding the history of the development of the domestic judicial system and its trends. Therefore, taking into account the history of transformations and their scales, the book gives a new understanding of the modern state of judicial system and possibility of its modeling – with due regard for the mistakes of the past.
The chapter in a monograph gives an insight into the key problems and most recent tendencies of the law and practice of mediation in Russia. Russia already has detailed federal legislation governing mediation. Also, mediation has been practised in Russia for years, even when such legislation was not in force. Furthermore, Russian law governing mediation is in rapid development. Thus current Russian experience can be of interest to legislators and practitioners from many countries which also face problems with case overload in the state courts.
The article envisages the role of mediation in the dispute settlement mechanism in the World Trade Organization. It shows an example of a dispute from the WTO practice and shows how mediation can be useful for reaching a mutually satisfactory solutions even in highly complicated international economic controversies.
The present monograph is the outcome of years of researches on media, anthropologic theory and modern philosophy by the team of the sector of analytic anthropology. A broad range of issues and the varying of approaches, which are presented in the book, are integrated by a common subject of mediation. The study covers the following three key points: the first is related to the representation of mediation as a total phenomenon of social life; the second is focused on dealing with the mediator as an actor of multiple and complex relations with Other; and the third reflects mediation as an action leading to the stable or unstable form of relations between the separated elements of any possible whole. Each of the articles, essays, and notes, represented by the monograph, includes these three points that allow to establish the terms for the investigation and to create opportunities for synthesis of the results. The articles of the monograph are conditionally grouped into three chapters: Theory, Programme, and Archive, reflecting the methodology and stylistics of the approach to investigation of mediation.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management