Методологические инновации и вызовы в социологии эмоций: Аналитический обзор
The purpose of this review is to analyze the latest trends in the methodology of sociology of emotions based on the consideration of empirical studies of the North American, Australian and European researchers. The main problem of empirical research in the sociology of emotions is finding and fixing the emotional states by means of sociological methods as well as the using non-sociological methods. Difficulties in finding and interpreting of emotions on the part of the respondents, as well as on the part of researchers lead that sociologists tend, to choose the combination of different methods and techniques as the main research strategy. The author tentatively outlines several strategies of combining methods for the study of emotions in different social contexts for fixing the emotion management, discovering new meanings of emotions and modeling a complete picture of the studied phenomena, in particular the social conditions and factors of emotional reactions: a combination of interviews (including interview with several participants), observation, group discussions (focus groups), video analysis and text analysis; combining the textual and conversation analysis on the Internet; a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods – surveys, different types of interviews and observations, and a combination of sociological and technological methods – interviews and self-reports with measurement of the facial temperature, vocalizations of emotions, speech rhythm and speed of speaking.