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  • В каком обществе мы живем? Анализ факторов, определяющих массовый выбор, на примере восприятия социальной структуры

Article

В каком обществе мы живем? Анализ факторов, определяющих массовый выбор, на примере восприятия социальной структуры

The article examines issues that define mass choice. The analyses is based on ISSP-2009 results (“Social inequality”, 40 countries, N =55238). Two groups of factors are considered: economic ones and subjective assessments that respondents gave to their social position and situation in the country. Based on the answers the author attempted to predict what structure diagram respondents would choose to describe the society they live in. The literature review shows that expert assessments of incomes inequality do not provide reliable basis for conclusions: less then 5% of predictions were correct in Ukraine, about 13% in Russia. The subjective evaluations provide much more accurate base for prognostication. Using discriminant analysis we predicted correctly about 73% of choices made by respondents. For some countries the proportion of correctly predict answers is even better: 91% for Ukraine, 74% for Russia.