Статистический анализ российской системы высшего образования
The article presents the results of the statistical analysis of the Russian higher education system. The following issues are considered: specialization and departmental affiliation of higher education institutions; size of student body in higher education institutions and its distribution by the field of education; contribution of different types of higher education institutions in teaching specialists by the fields of education; geographical location of higher education institutions and the accessibility of higher education in various regions, branches of universities and their geographical location.
This study is based on the data of the Monitoring of effectiveness of higher education institutions, conducted in 2015. The specific feature of this study is high representativeness of the sample - 94,7% of universities and 93,4% of universities’ branches. of higher education institutions and branches along with information on their activities are structured and graphically tabulated. The content of the article might be of interest to researchers and analysts in the field of education, because it contains processed and aggregated quantitative data describing the higher education system as a whole and in certain regions.
Extensive network of Russian higher education institutions covers 84 subjects (constituent entities) and 421 cities of the country. The majority of higher education institutions and enrolled students accounts for the European part of Russia. The main part of universities and universities’ branches is located in major cities and administrative centers. Many universities are interdisciplinary and train students in different areas of education. There are also specialized higher education intuitions – medical, art, agricultural, which are training the majority of students in the specialized fields. One-third of Russian universities have branches that are usually located in the same subject or the federal district (this is particularly the case in the Central Federal District).Characteristics