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Regular version of the site

Article

The Job Demands and Resources as Antecedents of Work Engagement: Comparative Research on Finland and Russia

Baltic Journal of Management. 2017. Vol. 12. No. 2. P. 240-254.
Saari T., Melin H., Balabanova E. S., Efendiev A.

Purpose: This study examines work engagement and its antecedents in two countries: Finland and Russia.
The job demands-resources model (JD-R model) provides the background theory for the analysis.
Design/methodology/approach: This study uses a quantitative approach with a cross-sectional research
design. The data was analysed using descriptive methods and stepwise logistic regression analysis.
Findings: The overall level of work engagement was higher in Finland than in Russia. The opportunity to
learn new skills at work was the strongest predictor of work engagement in both countries. The most
significant difference was that once job demands and resources were taken into account, the managerial
position has a strong effect on work engagement in Russia, while in Finland it has no significant effect.
Practical implications: Knowledge about the antecedents of work engagement and especially the strong
effect of opportunities to learn new skills on work engagement could encourage organisations to provide
their employees with development opportunities throughout their careers.
Originality/value: This study adds to the limited comparative research on work engagement and its
predictors.