The Job Demands and Resources as Antecedents of Work Engagement: Comparative Research on Finland and Russia
Purpose: This study examines work engagement and its antecedents in two countries: Finland and Russia.
The job demands-resources model (JD-R model) provides the background theory for the analysis.
Design/methodology/approach: This study uses a quantitative approach with a cross-sectional research
design. The data was analysed using descriptive methods and stepwise logistic regression analysis.
Findings: The overall level of work engagement was higher in Finland than in Russia. The opportunity to
learn new skills at work was the strongest predictor of work engagement in both countries. The most
significant difference was that once job demands and resources were taken into account, the managerial
position has a strong effect on work engagement in Russia, while in Finland it has no significant effect.
Practical implications: Knowledge about the antecedents of work engagement and especially the strong
effect of opportunities to learn new skills on work engagement could encourage organisations to provide
their employees with development opportunities throughout their careers.
Originality/value: This study adds to the limited comparative research on work engagement and its
This project is devoted to the issue of relation between social professional status and cultural consumption. Previous research findings reveal considerable differences both in the structure of cultural consumption and in its dependence on social position. Using Eurobarometer 79.2 (Spring 2013) database I show regional characteristics of cultural participation patterns of different professional groups across Europe.
Across the industrialized world, more couples are living together without marrying. Although researchers have compared cohabitation cross-nationally using quantitative data, few have compared union formation using qualitative data. OBJECTIVE We use focus group research to compare social norms of cohabitation and marriage in Australia and nine countries in Europe. We explore questions such as: what is the meaning of cohabitation? To what extent is cohabitation indistinguishable from marriage, a prelude to marriage, or an alternative to being single? Are the meanings of cohabitation similar across countries?
The concept of «workaholism» is quite popular and is often used in everyday language, causing there are many misconceptions and stereotypes about workaholics. The purpose of this article is classification and synthesis of theoretical concepts and empirical data on the workaholism that has accumulated to date. The article discusses the concept of «workaholism», perspectives on workaholism, measures, and especially workaholics motivation and consequences. The results showed that workaholism has positive implications for the employee or the organization as well as negative, but in the long-term effects of the negative consequences are more significant.
The comparison of the content of concepts, reflecting different attitudes of workers to labor: employee satisfaction, staff loyalty, employee involvement is carried out in the article.
The investigation of various behavioral attitudes in the approach is considered. The features of employee involvement, which can be the basis for the development of effective research directions of the current level of involvement and the development of recommendations to increase it, are considered.
Comparative source study considered as a method of comparative-historical research, based on theoretical understanding of the basic classification unit of source study – types of historical sources as representations of the forms of social human activities, the totality of which represents the culture system.
We compare the implementations and practices of open government and open government data in Mexico, Russia, and the US using a set of common concepts focused on policy environment and context. After providing thumbnail sketches of each country, we consider how variations among the countries are relate to context-specific historical problems, policies and politics From there we comment on the prospects for the institutionalization of open government and open data in each country.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management