УПРАВЛЕНИЕ ТАЛАНТАМИ: СОВРЕМЕННЫЕ ТЕНДЕНЦИИ И ПОДХОДЫ К ПРИМЕНЕНИЮ В ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОМ СЕКТОРЕ
The goal of the research is to generalize the notion of talent and to study tendencies and approaches to talent management in public sector organizations. We realized a theoretical analysis of different views on the notion of talent and on the talent management as one of the modern approaches of the strategic human resources management. Essential practices used in talent management in different types of organizations are underlined. Different approaches to talent management in public sector organizations are analyzed. Based on scientific and empirical results of Russian and foreign researchers and on the author’s own results, a conclusion was taken tendencies of development of the discussed approach in public sector organizations. Two general models of talent management in public organizations are proposed.
Purpose of work is to explore the concepts and features of the environment of public organizations, the place of the environmental analysis in the strategic management in public sector and the specifics of the use of certain methods of strategic environmental analysis for public sector.
Methods. The concept and features of the external environment of public organizations are analyzed; PEST-analysis of the public transport sector and analysis of stakeholders (the matrix of stakeholders) of the project to build the road section in one of the regions are made.
Results. On the basis of scientific publications and the results of empirical studies of the Russian and foreign researchers, as well as the own research conclusion is made about significant specifics of the environment of public organisations in comparison with business organizations, the importance of the environment analysis and assessment in designing development strategy of public organizations to develop adaptive strategies and to achieve their strategic goals and for customer satisfaction is justified, certain environmental analysis methods are tested through the examples of the public sector projects.
Scientifi c novelty. The scientific novelty of the study lies in the possibility of applying – the widely used by the business organizations – environmental analysis methods for the purposes of public organizations in diverse, complex and turbulent environment.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.