О КОНЦЕПЦИИ АДАПТАЦИИ СУБЪЕКТОВ ЭКОНОМИКИ
The author analyzes the phenomenon of the adaptation of the economic agents from the point of view of the different scientific approach, including the theory of the institutional matrix.
In the article the author represents the types of adaptable mechanisms, which she identified in the result of analysis of economic sectors’ behavior in the period 2008-2012. Mechanisms of adaptation of economic subjects of the Russian economy to conditions of the changing environment, and also possibility of use of these adaptable mechanisms from a position of their providing a sustainable development of certain economic subjects and national economy as a whole are investigated. The author made the assumption of possibility of formation of the new direction in the economic theory, connected with studying of adaptable mechanisms by economic subjects.
In the monograph the problem of adaptation of economic subjects is investigated, adaptive mechanisms and organizational-economic bases of their formation are considered. The results of case analysis, as well as empirical studies of the author, are devoted to the study of the phenomenon of adaptation and adaptation mechanisms. Interpretation of the results obtained in the course of the research is given from the standpoint of the theory of institutional matrices. The approach to the quantitative estimation of adaptability is described. The monograph can be useful to undergraduates, graduate students, doctoral students who are engaged in research on adaptation in the economy.
The article deals with the problem of adaptation of the Russian banking system in the period f macroeconomic instability. The author studies the problem of international capital standards adoption in Russian banking system
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.