Студенты из стран СНГ в России: предпосылки к миграции
International student admission allows not only to universally popularize Russian education but also to replenish human capital assets at an easy rate and to solve the problem of demographic pit at the expense of fresh graduates willing to permanently move to Russia after their graduation. The CIS states are currently the main source of enrollees willing to obtain higher education in Russia. The paper specifies the differences in socio-demographic characteristics and value orientations of those students who want to move permanently to Russia, to get back to their home country or to move permanently to any other country. Based on the survey involving 262 students from the CIS countries studying in the Moscow universities, the study shows that students with different migration intentions have substantial differences in value orientations according to the Schwartz Value Survey data; they also differ by their socio-demographic characteristics such as parents’ education level, household income and national identity.
This paper analyses the determinants of national student mobility under the unified system of admission in Russia and evaluates the barriers which still limit educational mobility. It is argued that even with the Unified State Examination (USE) and the decreased transaction costs of applying to universities, student interregional national mobility is directed towards more developed regional educational markets and richer regions, but is still limited due to the financial constraints in the absence of the additional student support. Russia is an interesting case, because it consists of regions with highly variable socio-economic development and it represents local higher education markets with different levels of competition between universities, which may influence the decision to move. USE was intended to mitigate against these differences, and for political reasons under USE such differences are not considered the main barriers of access to higher education. However, this study takes into account the importance of the institutional characteristics of regions in student mobility.
The A.A. Kara-Murza’s article «Russian Northernship» of the Princes Vyazemsky (to the Question of National Identity) explores the little-studied question of the role of the princes Vyazemsky in the creation of the concept of «Russian Northernship» – a rich «identification matrix», which played a big role in the philosophical and ideological polemics of the 18th and the first third of 19th centuries and pushed back into the distance in the middle of the 19th century, with the beginning of the «classical» Russian dispute between «Westerners» and «Slavophiles». According to the author of the article, the main ideological inspirer of the rurikoviches Vyazemsky was N.M. Karamzin, who lived and worked in Vyazemsky’s «family nests» in Moscow and Ostafievo, and whose «History Of the Russian State» is a classical text of the «Russian Northernship».
The subject of this book is the study of various national and cultural stereotypes that existed in Japan and Russia concerning each other in the historic past in in our days.
This chapter analyses the image of Japan in the late Soviet mentality and its role in the intelligentsia's world-view.
The chapter traces the historical background of the Jewish Autonomous Ollast and analyses its contempoirary position in the Russian Federation.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.