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Article

Императивы несовершенного вида на ранних этапах усвоения детьми русского языка

Scando-Slavica. 2014. Т. 60. № 2. С. 212-230.
Воейкова М. Д., Иванова К. А.

The article focuses on imperfective imperatives at the early stages of Russian child

and child-directed speech. Its goal is to explore the factors determining the choice

of aspect in the imperative. Results showed that the distribution of perfective

and imperfective verb tokens in parental speech does not directly influence the

percentage of perfectives and imperfectives in child language. Children acquire

imperfective imperatives following some semantic patterns: the verbs of motion

and body positioning occur first, followed by the verbs of manipulative activity

and those aimed at drawing attention to an object. The results indicate the role of

actionality in the acquisition of modal and aspectual meanings and corroborate the fact that some verb classes show different patterns of aspectual behavior.