My paper addresses both Bulgarian (more widely, East-European) literature (especially in the first two parts) and developments that bear on the larger framework in which literary history operates today. I revisit the notion of "minor literatures" and show it to be an historical construct with a specific lifespan. I also examine the ambiguity of the project of "minor literatures," poised as it has lately been between an understanding of "minor" as a potential social and political energy that originates in the writing of a minority within a dominant majority ("minoritare Literatur"), and an evaluative notion that sees " minor literatures" as small ("kleine Literatur"), derivative, deprived of originality when measured by the yardstick of " mainstream literatures." The first of these two perspectives is sustained in Deleuze and Guattari's classic book Kafka: Towards a Minor Literature; the second one has a longer pedigree that goes back to the intricate history of Eurocentrism since the 18thcentury.
This collection of articles is devoted to the problems of philology, culture, philosophy and other humanitarian sciences which are of special interest now days.
Folding of the American historical experience proceeded dramaticly, but brought important lessons for the development of all mankind. XXXIV International Conference of the Russian Society for the Study of American Culture, entitled "Display and interpretation of history in the culture of the United States", helped to analyze the dynamics of the processes associated with the perception of the history of North American cultural figures.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.