Вопросник для оценки достоверности сетевого мета-анализа (в том числе непрямых и смешанных сравнений)
We have developed an instrument to assess the methodological quality of network meta-analyzes and indirect comparisons based on International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) tool. This instrument includes 15 questions on five aspects (domains): the evidence base, analysis, presentation of results, interpretation, conflict of interests. For each domain the estimate is given informally then the general credibility (methodological quality) of the research is assessed.
The article focuses on the problem of the use of circumstantial evidence by courts of general jurisdiction. The author concludes that such evidence has one distinctive feature: despite the absence of legal prohibitions or restrictions on the use of circumstantial evidence, decision makers often consider that circumstantial evidence are not convincing evidence. The problem arises if proof is solely by means of circumstantial evidence, and if the claim of plaintiff is serious.
Based on the environmental psychology researches (Jorgensen & Stedman, 2006; Korpela et al., 2002; Pretty, et al., 2003) we have assumed that home attachment, being a reflection of subjective satisfaction with home environment and evaluation of home in terms of emotional closeness and place identity, contributes to dwellers’ mental health. To measure home attachment we have modified and adapted Place Attachment Scale developed by J. Inglis (Inglis, 2008). Mental health was measured using Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (Tennant et al., 2007) and А. Antonovsky's Sense of Coherence Scale (Osin, 2007). Participants were 178 young adults (Mage=24.1, 38 males, 140 females). The results have shown that home attachment is a reliable predictor of psychological well-being and sense of coherence; relationships between these variables are reciprocal. Men’s mental health is more dependent on home attachment than women’s one. The lower the level of home attachment is, the more sensitive to it the psychological well-being and sense of coherence are. In discussion, the high importance of instrumental study of home attachment as the predictor of mental health is argued.
The article offers empirical research of criterion validity of questionnaire «learning activity of primary school children» developed by A. Krasnov. The criteria are personality traits and the properties of the nervous system. The results were processed by Pearson correlation analysis. The scales of questionnaire were clarified and expanded by the results.
EMI (English as the Medium of Instruction) has led NRU HSE to implement the use of English in teaching different subjects. It takes into account the institution`s language policy and the programs which offer subjects in English, as well as the needs and benefits of the teachers and students. The use of English is increasing in tertiary education. The concept of teaching content in another language, other than that of the students’, has existed since the past century. But its study has not showed how to progress in these subjects. So, it was necessary to collect qualitative and quantitative data by means of questionnaires and semi-structured interviews. Questionnaire data and feedback from students taking such classes at NRU HSE shed light on problems involved with EMI classes. The findings of this needs analysis that was carried out in this paper can help to create an action plan that will include training schemes to foster internationalization. The report concludes with practical recommendations for language support activity and improved English language abilities.
In terms of increasing social mobility, migration processes and weakening of territorial and socio-cultural identity, it is important to study place (home) attachment. Based on the environmental psychology researches of place attachment phenomenology (Scannell & Gifford, 2010) and home environment preferences (Coolen, 2011) we define home attachment as close emotional and cognitive bonds with one’s home environment and functional satisfaction with its content leading to the individual desire to maintain closeness with home. The aim of the study was to examine how home attachment is interconnected with the ideal (desired) and actual home environment’s multilevel functionality. Our tools were: developed by authors Functionality of Home Environment Questionnaire, The Personal Relevance of Home Environment and Home Attachment Scale. In total, 13 variables were investigated. Participants were 346 adults (Mage=26,6, SD=10,5; 138 males, 208 females), living in Moscow. There has been found that: home attachment is strongly predicted by the real image of home, while the ideal image has little effect on home attachment. The relationship between home attachment and home environment’s functionality is gender-specific: women's are more sensitive to the affordances of real home environment than men, whereas ideal home has a stronger impact on men’s home attachment; men's and women's home attachments are predicted by the different functional character
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.