"Качество университетской жизни": пример адаптации методики в российском университете
In growing competition between universities from all over the world, the evaluation of student’s experience in the university becomes very important and crucial for management decisions. The article discusses the results of applying the method of measuring the quality of university life (QCL – quality of college life), developed by American researchers of higher education on the basis of sociological studies of quality of life. This technique provides a comprehensive assessment of student satisfaction with university experience and can be used not only for internal monitoring and management decisionLmaking, but also for interLinstitutional comparisons.
The authors analyze public discussions of higher education and the academic world in contemporary Russia, examining the confrontation between the ideological positions of the new managerialism and academic professionalism. Using analyses by foreign and Russian researchers, the authors highlight key features of these ideologies and reconstruct the historical framework of the antagonism between them (in an international context). They also reveal three peculiarities observed in the recent managers vs. professionals debate in Russia: the oppositions of past and future, local and global, and also reciprocal mistrust. In conclusion, they discuss possible ways out of this discursive confrontation.
In this paper, we reconsider concepts of ‘academic capitalism’ and ‘entrepreneurship university’, whichare intensively discussed in higher education researches as a result of growing competition between universities from all over the world. Despite the fact, that the main books in that theme have been published nearly 20 years ago, their actuality is growing, especially in Russian context. We analyze the possible theoretical input of these concepts as well as possible empirical implications for the future research. The themes of ‘academic managerialism’ and ‘university as a corporation are also discussed.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.